“Homeric” was once again a popular adjective this week:
A review of Susan Sontag’s diaries (New Statesman) included this:
“It’s time for Homer, I think,” she writes. “The best way to divert these morbid individualised religious fantasies is to overwhelm them by the impersonal Homeric …”
The Yorkshire Post on the challenges facing the new president:
The Homeric cupidity and stupidity of the world’s bankers has brought America, Europe, and the Asian economies to the edge of the abyss.
A review of the bluray disk version of Dr. Strangelove notes in regards to a cut scene:
“Since they were laughing, it was unusable, because instead of having that totally black, which would have been amazing, like, this blizzard, which in a sense is metaphorical for all of the missiles that are coming, as well, you just have these guys having a good old time. So, as Kubrick later said, ‘it was a disaster of Homeric proportions.’”
A compendium of items relating — more or less — to the big events last week … now that they’ve had time to ‘sink in’. We being with a bit from the Register-Herald, which actually was about the inauguration of the governor of West Virginia, but had some nice ClassCon:
Noting the term “inauguration” is derived from the Latin word “augur,” meaning “omen,” Manchin said ancient Romans installed leaders and awaited for the right omens before plunging ahead.
Of course, I suspect I wasn’t the only Classicist who thought it interesting that Obama and the Chief Justice repeated the taking of the oath of office when it was ‘stumbled’ over at the actual ceremony — in ancient times, such stumbling would have required the repeating of the entire ritual. Then there was this piece in the Times of London, by Natalie Haynes (dubbed a Classicist and standup comedian) who decided that Barack Obama was Titus:
Then I dusted the bookshelves and realised – Barack Obama is the modern incarnation of the Emperor Titus, who ruled the Roman Empire from AD79-81, before death cut his reign tragically short. This is Suetonius: “Titus had such winning ways – perhaps inborn, perhaps cultivated subsequently, or conferred on him by fortune – that he became an object of universal love and adoration.”
That could have been written about Obama pretty much any time in the past year. Perhaps it was because Titus didn’t have time to go mad, like Caligula, or weird, like Tiberius, but he was probably the most adored emperor in Roman history. Then I realised that almost all leading politicians are reworked emperors. You just have to match them up.
Unfortunately, when she matches them all up (she goes through the Julio-Claudians), the explanation doesn’t quite match up (she matches the other emperors to other folks, not necessarily U.S. politicians). If we extend her analogy, we can expect the new president to, er, not complete his term and be succeed by JB who, no doubt, even now is sitting in his closet poking flies with a needle. One of the comments in the Times suggests Hadrian as a better parallel. The German IndyMedia, meanwhile, seemed to try to be making a link to Septimius Severus, concluding a piece on the new president thusly:
Mumia Abu-Jamal sagte in einer Grußbotschaft an die Rosa-Luxemburg Konferenz 2009: “Im Jahr 193 vor unserer Zeitrechnung bestieg ein Afrikaner den römischen Thron: Imperator Septimius Severus weitete Roms Macht aus und stärkte das Imperium. Sein Sohn folgte ihm auf den Thron und übertraf ihn noch an Grausamkeit und Unmenschlichkeit. Diese Herrscher brachten keinen Wechsel, sie sorgten für Kontinuität. Wird das heutige Imperium einen anderen Weg einschlagen?”
There was an interesting anticipatory piece in the Washington Post about the ‘ancient’ qualities of Obama’s oratory which looked more at cadence and rhythm rather than figures (he does have a fondness for tricola, anaphora, and repetition, no?). An excerpt:
This is poetry.
WE are the ONES we’ve been WAITing for.
It’s ancient English metrics: WE are the CHANGE that we SEEK, a chant of dactyls, DA-da-da, DA-da-da, as in Longfellow’s “THIS is the FORest primEVal.”
Rock it, Obama.
This stuff works. Franklin Roosevelt used iambs (da-DA, da-DA) that could have been lifted from Shakespeare (“To BE or NOT to BE”) at the opening of his 1933 inaugural address: “The ONly THING we HAVE to FEAR is FEAR itSELF.” (Though the crowd that day ignored the line — later, newspapers made it the motto of the New Deal.)
Martin Luther King: “I HAVE a DREAM that ONE day DOWN in ALaBAMa . . . “
Analysts of Obama’s oratory cite the influence of African American preaching tradition, but the influence is older, rooted like a mangrove in the swamp of the nervous system.
“It’s about the tune, not the lyrics, with Obama,” says Philip Collins, who wrote speeches for Tony Blair, the former British prime minister. In a BBC report, Collins cites “the way he slides down some words and hits others — the intonation, the emphasis, the pauses and the silences.”
Winston Churchill rocked it in a chant of anapests (da-da-DA): “We shall FIGHT on the BEACHes . . . we shall FIGHT in the FIELDS . . . we shall FIGHT in the HILLS . . . we shall NEVer surRENDer.”
He knew about the ancient Greeks controlling and defending against the power of oratory by codifying it with labels you heard once in college and forgot: asyndeton, litotes, epistrophe. For instance, here Churchill is using the technique of anaphora, repeating phrases at the beginning of clauses. Note, too, that in defense of England he uses nothing but Old English words except for “surrender,” which comes from the French.
Finally, we mention an interesting reviewish/Obama’s influences sort of piece in the IHT had an interesting bit of ClassCon:
For Obama, whose improbable life story many voters regard as the embodiment of the American Dream, identity and the relationship between the personal and the public remain crucial issues. Indeed, “Dreams From My Father,” written before he entered politics, was both a searching bildungsroman and an autobiographical quest to understand his roots – a quest in which he cast himself as both a Telemachus in search of his father and an Odysseus in search of a home.
Plenty of stuff from Live Auctions this week, with varying degrees of provenance:
- Roman, c. 100-300AD., a nice and very small silver (ring; ex Ventura County Collection … not sure what that means)
- Roman, c. 100-300AD., a lot of 2 small and choice (ditto … a couple of flasks)
- Etruscan, c. 4th century BC., a very rare thick terra cotta ossuary (ex Thaddeus Bleeker collection; collected in early 1900s)
- A Collection of Eight Roman Glass Flasks and Ungue (ex Indianapolis MoA)
… there are also a number of coins (I don’t think I’ve ever seen a coin auctioned online with a real provenance):
- (138-129 B.C.) Antiochus VII. Silver Tetradrachm (scroll to the bottom of the page for more)
Not sure why there’s such a variation in the detail (or reporting at all) of the provenance.
I was wondering about this one a couple of days ago … there’s a brief AP report just hitting the ewaves that the trial of Marion True and Robert Hecht has resumed in Rome. Nothing much new, yet, but the focus appears to be on Robert Hecht right now.
- Trial Resumes for Former Curator (New York Times)
A flurry of items of theatrical interest this week:
- Two Views of Julius Caesar: As Victor and as Victim (A couple of productions of Julius Caesar in New York)
- Boal’s New Play Raises Questions About Truth From Antiquity (one of the above: 23 Knives)
- Hotel Medea (London)
- Curious ‘Trojan’ still worth seeing (Trojan Women 2.0 – Vegas)
- Covedale Center: ‘Funny Thing Happened On The Way To The Forum’ (Somewhere in Kentucky)
- Tyranny shown artistically (You Nero somewhere in California)
… and of course, it’s always useful to have photos:
***** PLEASE NOTE EARLY DEADLINE FEBRUARY 2 ******
The following is a call for papers for the panel ‘Writing the self, Writing lives in Greco-Roman culture’, to be held at the 2010 APA meeting in Orange County, California. Abstracts must reach the APA office by 2 February (further instructions are at the end of this message). The full ‘annual meeting program guide’ (which includes guidelines for abstracts and ‘Form D’, which must accompany all submissions) is available online:
Writing the self, Writing lives in Greco-Roman culture
Over one hundred years now separate us from the original publication of the monumental overview of ancient and modern autobiography by Georg Misch (Misch, 1907). Meanwhile, the ‘death of the author’ has generated a fundamental critical shift and a variety of productive approaches to first-person narratives. On the one hand, major contributions in different fields have highlighted the performative aspect involved in the display of the self. Moving away from the Romantic notion of authorial sincerity, a new wave of criticism has focused on how the presentation of the authorial self in any given text is intimately connected with wider rhetorical, political and cultural strategies to which the text is bound. On the other hand, recent work has called into question the relevance of the concept of persona for the ancients (Mayer, 2003), arguing that on the whole, ancient readers assigned to the author the views expressed by the persona loquens. Focusing our discussion on ancient conceptions and constructions of autobiographical writing, it is the aim of this panel to bring renewed attention to the importance of the biographical persona as a subject and as a tool of criticism for both ancient and modern audiences.
First, contributors might explore how ancient authors conceived of autobiographical writing in its different forms and functions. What are the different media in which authors write about themselves and how does each genre influence the choice and shaping of autobiographical data that an author decides to share with his readers? What is worthy of memory when it comes to the self? What are the different rubrics under which the ancients discuss their lives? What are the differences and continuities between ancient and modern notions of autobiographical writing? Secondly, papers might examine how ancient readers responded to autobiographical statements. What role does the construction of a biographical persona play in the way the ancients approach literary texts? How are we to interpret the tendency of ancient readers to extract biographical information from first-person narratives eloquently analyzed by Mary Lefkowitz (Lefkowitz, 1981) and others? How do biographies of poets and writers transform and interpret the texts of the master author?
To begin to address these questions, we welcome contributions on different autobiographical genres, such as hypomnemata/ commentarii, apologies, memoirs/ confessions, letters and personal poetry, as well as texts, such as biographies and anecdotes, which illustrate the role of the biographical persona in ancient thought.
Abstracts must be received in the APA office by February 2nd, 2009. Please send two copies of form D and four copies of an abstract (following the instruction given above under ?Responsibilities of Individuals Submitting Abstracts by the February 2nd, 2009 Receipt Deadline?). Anonymous abstracts will be reviewed by the panel organizers.
Registration is £40 (which includes a drinks reception on the Thursday
evening, and lunch on the Friday and Saturday), or £20 for one day. Cheques
should be made payable to ‘The University of Oxford’ (with ‘Derow
Conference’ on the rear), and sent to Dr S.J. Heyworth, Derow Conference,
Wadham College, Oxford OX1 3PN, preferably before 10th February.
There are 20 subsidized places for graduate students at £20 for all three
days (including the reception and lunches): to claim one of these please
email stephen.heyworth AT wadh.ox.ac.uk
There is some accommodation available in Wadham: for details please email
stephen.heyworth AT wadh.ox.ac.uk
Please forward to any colleagues or students who might be interested.
Thursday 2 April 2009
Opening Session: Polybius
2.45 Brian McGing (Trinity College Dublin), Polybius and his predecessors I
3.15 Timothy Rood (Oxford), Polybius and his predecessors II
3.45 Georgina Longley (Oxford), Thucydides, Polybius and human nature
4.45 David Langslow (Manchester), The language of Polybius since Foucault and Dubuisson
5.15 Jean-Marie Bertrand (Paris), Polybe lecteur de Platon
Friday 3 April
Perspectives on Roman Imperialism
9.30 Andrew Erskine (Edinburgh), Polybius among the Romans
10.00 Christopher Smith (St. Andrews), Middle Republican views on early Roman expansion
10.30 Jennifer Ingleheart (Durham), Catullus and the East and Imperialism
11.30 Amy Russell (Berkeley), Aemilius Paullus sees Greece
12.00 Liv Yarrow (CUNY), After the Fighting: Boards of Ten
Frontiers and Boundaries
2.00 Matthew Peacock (Galway), The East Starts Here: the Roman Republic and the Balkan Border
2.30 Nikola Casule (Oxford), In part a Roman sea: Rome and the Adriatic in the third century BC
3.00 Ed Bispham (Oxford), Rome and Illyria
4.00 Charles Crowther (Oxford) Chios between Rome and the East (in the first centuries BC and AD)
4.30 Jonathan Williams (British Museum), From Polybius to the Parthenon: cultural property and the ancient world
5.00 Timothy Barnes (Edinburgh/Toronto), Peter Derow in Toronto
Saturday 4 April
From Hellenistic to Roman
9.30 Daniel Ogden (Exeter), Alexander, Scipio and Augustus: serpent sires in Macedon and Rome
10.00 John Ma (Oxford), Honorific statues and Hellenistic history: from narrative to representation
10.30 Olivier Hekster (Nijmegen), Client kings and regime change in the late Roman Republic
11.30 Andy Meadows (American Numismatic Society), Deditio in Fidem. The Ptolemaic Conquest of Asia Minor
12.00 Robert Morstein-Marx (UC Santa Barbara), New Light on the Roman Response to Attalus III’s Death
Approaching the Divine
2.00 Barbara Kowalzig (Royal Holloway), Hellenistic Gods and their Economic Associations
2.30 Hugh Bowden (KCL), Rome and the East: Religious Encounters
3.00 Bruce Gibson (Liverpool), Festivals and Games in Polybius
Tree ceremony: names plates will be placed by the trees planted in the Fellows’ Garden in memory of George Forrest and Peter Derow
Call for Papers on Illness, Disability, Medicine, and Healing
The Biblical Scholarship and Disability Section of the 2009 Society of
Biblical Literature International Meeting is seeking papers. The 2009
Meeting will be held June 30-July 4 in Rome. Our section addresses a
broad range of issues including illness generally (chronic or
short-term), illness understood as demon-possession, legal punishment,
or the result of witchcraft, disability, the fall out from abuse or
other violence, psychological damage, healing, or medicine in the
ancient world and its literature. We welcome and encourage papers from
archaeology, Near Eastern Studies, and Classics, as well as Hebrew
Bible and New Testament literature.
If you are a member of the SBL, paper abstracts may be submitted on
the SBL International Meeting Web page by clicking on the call for
papers and then the section. Non-members who wish to present should
contact Rachel Magdalene at Rmagdale AT yahoo.com for assistance.
Abstracts are due by 31 January 2009.
F. Rachel Magdalene, M.A.R., M.Div., J.D., Ph.D.
Gastforscherin (Visiting Research Scholar); Institüt für
Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft, Universität Leipzig
Gast der Fakultät (Guest of the Faculty); Seminar für Altes Testament,
Universität Humboldt zu Berlin
Kreischaer Str. 16
rmagdale AT yahoo.com
Tel. land-line: 0-3504-620700
Tel. handy/cell: 0-151-166-20516
Tel. from USA: 011-49-3504-620700 (6 hours ahead of U.S. EST)
Details of the programme of the research seminars and events at Bristol
University’s Department of Classics and Ancient History are listed below.
Tuesday seminars take place in room G37, access through 3-5 Woodland Road,
School of Humanities Seminars take place in Link Rooms 1 and 2, access
through porters’ lodge 3-5 Woodland Road.
All are welcome to attend the sessions. Directions to the university and
maps to the precinct may be found here: http://www.bristol.ac.uk/university/maps
For other events see the BIRTHA website: http://bristol.ac.uk/arts/birtha
Contact Dr Silke Knippschild (clzsk AT bris.ac.uk).
Ed Bragg (Oxford/Bristol)
Roman Seaborne Raids during the Mid Republic: Sideshow or Headline Feature?
School of Humanities Seminar, Theology and Religious Studies: Buddhist
Funeral Rites in Southeast Asia. Project
Ed Paleit (Exeter)
Lucan and the Early Modern Reader
Martina Cuypers (Trinity College Dublin)
Look Who’s Talking Too: Intertextuality and Narrative Voice in Apollonius’ Argonautica
Ika Willis and Robert Crowe (Bristol)
Penguin Classics: Reception, Translation, and the State of the Archive
School of Humanities Seminar Classics and Ancient History: Ellen O’Gorman and Vanda Zajko
Ian Rutherford (Reading)
Religion at the Interface: Anatolian Religion of the Late Bronze Age as a Model for Greek Religion
Further events at the department
Just for Show? Performing and Affirming Status in Antiquity and the Middle Ages Conference
Critical Approaches to Ancient Philosophy.
May 5th, 6th, 12th, 13th
The Ancient Ethnographer
Blackwell Lectures 5.15-6.30 in room LT2, access through 3-5 Woodland Road, porters’ lodge
It’s handy when conferences have websites:
- ERÔS IN ANCIENT GREECE (UCL)
American Academy in Rome – Classical Summer School
The Classical Summer School of the American Academy in Rome has extended its application deadline to 1 February 2009 and invites applications from High School teachers of Latin. Program details, eligibility, and the application, which is joint with an application for scholarships administered by the Classical Society of the American Academy in Rome, can be found by following the links for summer programs at http://www.aarome.org. For questions contact the director, Prof. Gregory S. Bucher, bucher AT creighton.edu.
UNIVERSITY OF CINCINNATI
Department of Classics
TYTUS SUMMER RESIDENCY PROGRAM
The University of Cincinnati Classics Department is pleased to announce the Margo Tytus Summer Residency Program. Summer Residents, in the fields of philology, history and archaeology will come to Cincinnati for a minimum of one month and a maximum of three during the summer. Applicants must have the Ph.D. in hand at the time of application. Apart from residence in Cincinnati during term, the only obligation of Summer Residents is to pursue their own research. They will receive free university housing. They will also receive office space and enjoy the use of the University of Cincinnati and Hebrew Union College Libraries.
The University of Cincinnati Burnam Classics Library (http://www.libraries.uc.edu/libraries/classics/index.html) is one of the world’s premier collections in the field of Classical Studies. Comprising 235,000 volumes and other research materials, the library covers all aspects of the Classics: the languages and literatures, history, civilization, art, and archaeology. Of special value for scholars is both the richness of the collection and its accessibility — almost any avenue of research in the classics can be pursued deeply and broadly under a single roof. The unusually comprehensive core collection, which is maintained by three professional classicist librarians, is augmented by several special collections such as 15,000 nineteenth century German Programmschriften, extensive holdings in Palaeography, Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies. At neighboring Hebrew Union College, the Klau Library (http://library.cn.huc.edu/), with holdings in excess of 450,000 volumes and other research materials, is rich in Judaica and Near Eastern Studies.
Application Deadline: February 15.
A description of the Tytus Summer Residency Program is available online at http://classics.uc.edu/resources/tytus2.html. There is an online application at http://classics.uc.edu/resources/tytussummerap.lasso. Questions can be directed to secretary AT classics.uc.edu.