Also seen: Centauromachy?

The first paragraph of an item in The Sporting News. I have absolutely no idea what he’s talking about …

Although being bored during this rather-brief off-season provides for a second Centauromachy, I believe that Greek Mythology will pardon my rather unique ability at beginning a metaphorical urinating contest with pseudo-journalists when they are writing on topics that measure lower than Rosie O’Donnell’s SAT score on their ‘personal interest meter’.

more …

via Centauromachy and TSN .

Recent Reviews at CJ Online

MAGUIRE, Helen of Troy: From Homer to Hollywood

NETZ, Ludic Proof: Greek Mathematics and the Alexandrian Aesthetic

RICHARDSON, The Language of Empire: Rome and the Idea of Empire from the Third Century BC to the Second Century AD

MURGATROYD, Apuleius Metamorphoses: An Intermediate Latin Reader

CONF: Classicism and Romanticism

Seen on Classicists (please send any responses to the folks mentioned in the quoted text, not to rogueclassicism!):

Classicism and Romanticism: visit of Jonathan Sachs as IAS Benjamin Meaker Visiting Professor, 1st-5th March 2010

Organised by the Institute of Greece, Rome and the Classical Tradition and the Centre for Romantic Studies, University of Bristol.

Jon Sachs is Professor of English at Corcordia University, Montreal. His recent monograph, Romantic Antiquity: Rome in the British Imagination, 1789-1832, to be published by Oxford University Press later this year, examines how Romantic-period writers deployed Roman republican precedents to contest central aspects of political modernity, including the expansion of political franchise, the rise of mass democratic movements, and the consolidation and spread of empire. He is now working on a book about the idea of cultural decline in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, again focusing on the shifting interpretations, evaluation and deployment of the classical world in the ‘culture wars’ of this period. By exploring the origins and early development of ideas of the nature of ‘modernity’, his work goes to the heart of contemporary notions of culture and its importance.

1 March: research workshop on the uses of ancient ideas and examples in modern political discourse and debates, including contributions from Chris Bertram, James Thompson and Neville Morley. Seminar room G4, 3 Woodland Road, 4.30-6.00, followed by a reception in the Humanities Common Room.

2 March: Lecture: ‘The Cassandra of the State: Anna Barbauld’s Unknown Future and the Art of Prognosis’. With responses from Duncan Kennedy, Richard Sheldon and Ika Willis. The Link Rooms, 4.15-6.00, followed by a reception in the Humanities Common Room.

3 March: research workshop for postgraduates. Ground Floor Seminar Room, Graduate School, 2.00-4.00. Please contact n.d.g.morley AT bris.ac.uk to reserve a place and be sent the advance reading.

4 March: research workshop on ‘Classicism in Romanticism’, with contributions from Stephen Cheeke, David Hopkins, Bradley Stephens and Genevieve Liveley. 4.15-6.00, venue tbc.

All welcome. Any enquiries, please contact n.d.g.morley AT bris.ac.uk.

CONF: Workshop on ‘Water and identity in the Ancient World’

Seen on Classicists (please send any responses to the folks mentioned in the quoted text, not to rogueclassicism!):

Water and Identity in the Ancient World: a workshop
Department of Classics & Ancient History, Ritson Room, 22-23 March 2010.

Programme:

22 March, 9.30am to 10am:
Welcome and coffee.
10 am to 1 pm:
Paola Ceccarelli (Durham), Introduction. Water, identity and culture: some
issues.
Penny Wilson (Durham), Twin Towns: The Relationship Between Towns Separated
by Nile branches in the Egyptian Delta
Johannes Haubold (Durham), The Achaemenid empire and the sea.
Robin Skeates (Durham), The place of the sea in the construction of
identities in Maltese prehistory.

Buffet Lunch

2pm to 6.30 pm:
Mario Lombardo (Lecce), Small and Big Islands in Greek Colonisation.
Flavia Frisone (Lecce), Rivers and identity in ‘colonial’ scenarios. River
names and land constructing in Greek Western apoikia.
Christy Constantakopoulou (Birkbeck), Identity and resistance: discourses of
insularity in the Aegean world.
4.15 to 4.45pm: Tea.
Zena Kamash (Oxford), From the Euphrates to the Thames: exploring attitudes
towards water in Roman Britain and the Near East.
John Donaldson (International Boundaries Research Unit, Durham), Water
Boundaries and Geopolitics in the Modern World.
General discussion.

Conference dinner

23 March, 9 am:
Steve Willis (Kent) Sea, Coast, Estuary, land and Culture in Iron Age
Britain
Jon Henderson (Nottingham) Expressing difference: Western Atlantic
Identities in the first millennium BC
Adam Rogers (Leicester), Water, identity and myth in Late Iron Age and Roman
Britain: some case studies.
11.15 to 11.45: Coffee.
Richard Hingley (Durham), Hadrian¹s Wall as an inlet of the sea?

Nicholas Purcell (Oxford), discussant
Michael Shanks (Stanford), discussant

1pm: Lunch for those who do not have to leave.
And, potentially, further discussion!

The workshop is open to all, but if you wish to attend please contact the
organizers: Dr Richard Hingley (richard.hingley AT durham.ac.uk) or Dr Paola
Ceccarelli (paola.ceccarelli AT durham.ac.uk).

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem vi kalendas martias

ante diem vi kalendas martias

  • Regifugium — a festival which didn’t really happen on “February 24″ but actually six days before the kalends of March, which was usually during a period of intercalation. Roman writers suggested this festival was a celebration of the expulsion of the Tarquins, although modern scholars have their doubts. Whatever the case, on this day the Rex Sacrorum would offer some sort of sacrifice in the Comitium and then run away as fast as he could …
  • 259 A.D. — martyrdom of Montanus and several companions at Carthage
  • 303 A.D. — edict of Galerius officially promoting the persecution of Christians (?)
  • 304 A.D. — martyrdom of Sergius in Cappadocia
  • 1463 — birth of Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (usually described as a “Neoplatonist”)
  • 1999 — death of David Daube (author of Civil Disobedience in Antiquity, among numerous other works)

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem vii kalendas martias

ante diem vii kalendas martias

  • Traditional end of the Roman year (followed by a period of intercalation)
  • Terminalia — a festival in honour of Terminus, the divinity who presided over boundaries. In Rome itself, Terminus had a shrine within the Temple of Jupiter beneath an opening in the roof because, it is said, when they were building the Temple of Jupiter, Terminus refused to move. What happened in the city is unclear, but the rustic version of the festival involved the following: at boundary stones, farmer families would gather and build a turf altar; a fire would be built and one of the younger members of the family would throw grain in the fire three times. Others offered other things like honeycombs and wine, then a sheep or pig would be sacrificed and a feast would follow.
  • 155 A.D. — martyrdom of Polycarp at Smyrna
  • 303 A.D. — “Great Persecution” of Diocletian begins in Nicomedia
  • 303 A.D. — martyrdom of Serenus the Gardener at Sirmium

So Classical … and yet So Not

My spiders regularly pick up items which show how much the Classical languages have influenced our own, but rarely is an incipit of a piece so ‘classical’:

THE Mater Dei College (MDC) in Tubigon, Bohol conducted a gubernatorial candidatessymposium on voters’ education.

… I usually just send these to trash, but it later mentions:

Three Bohol gubernatorial candidates, namely, Cesar Montano, lawyers Julius Caesar Herrera and Edgar Chatto were all present during the two-hour forum.

… a couple of Caesares holding a symposium in the forum under the auspices of some college for gubernatorial purposes … seems to be right out of our ancient sources, no? Then again, the Mater Dei wouldn’t be within the pomerium …

Snow in Rome Redux

Last week we posted some photos of the snow activity in Rome. As it turns out, Dr. Max Nelson (UWindsor) was in Rome at the time and took some spectacular shots of the Pantheon in the snowfall and even better, he sent them along to share with y’all (I love the snow falling though the oculus!) … click on the photo for a larger view:

courtesy of Max Nelson

courtesy of Max Nelson

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem viii kalendas martias

ante diem viii kalendas martias

  • Parentalia probably comes to and end with the festival of Caristia, which was a sort of ‘kiss and make up’ festival. The idea was that people had made peace with their dead, so now it was right to bring to an end any quarrels they were having with living members of their family. There was usually a big family reunion type banquet and worship was given to the Lares.
  • 4 A.D. — death of hoped-for-successor-to-Augustus Gaius Caesar (either February 21 or 22) in Limyra
  • c. 1st century A.D. — martyrdom of Aristion, place disputed
  • 1756 — birth of Gilbert Wakefield (Classicist)

d.m. Donald Carne-Ross

Seen on the Classics list:

Translation is an art form worthy of academic criticism, Donald S. Carne-Ross argued in literary essays, but as a reader he preferred a writer’s own words, even if they were written in ancient Greek.

“To get really close to a poem is possible only if one is reading it in the original,’’ he wrote in the preface to his 1985 book, “Pindar.’’

Such intimacy is possible for multilingual scholars such as Mr. Carne-Ross, who could read in Latin, Greek, Italian, and French. For those fluent only in English, however, translation opens the door, and he wrote exacting critiques of how effectively different writers coaxed poetry from one language to another.

A professor emeritus at Boston University, where he taught in the classical studies department for about three decades, Mr. Carne-Ross died Jan. 9 in the Newton and Wellesley Alzheimer Center in Wellesley of complications from Alzheimer’s disease. He was 88 and had lived in Byfield for many years.

“He was an absolutely brilliant classicist and his range was really extraordinary,’’ said John Silber, a former president of Boston University. Silber was a professor at the University of Texas in the 1960s when he recruited Mr. Carne-Ross to teach in Austin, and Silber later persuaded him to join the BU faculty.

Best known for his essays, Mr. Carne-Ross was also a translator. He rendered into English works by Pindar, a lyric poet in ancient Greece, and more contemporary writings such as short stories by the Italian author Italo Calvino.

“Pindar is regarded by many to be untranslatable,’’ Silber said of the poet’s work, composed about 2,500 years ago. “Well, it was when Donald Carne-Ross got his hands on it.’’

While Mr. Carne-Ross wrote criticism that was aimed at scholars, his writing could be accessible to those for whom reading poetry is just a pastime.

“He never spoke narrowly for academics, even though he was working on academic topics,’’ said Kenneth Haynes, an associate professor of comparative literature and classics at Brown University. Haynes was a student of Mr. Carne-Ross, and then became a publishing colleague.

“He always envisioned a general reader,’’ Haynes said, adding with a laugh, “one who knew six or seven languages, of course.’’

In a postscript to Christopher Logue’s translation of “Patrocleia of Homer,’’ published in 1963, Mr. Carne-Ross discussed the challenges translators face.

“The point about good translation . . . is not that it ‘gives you the original,’ ’’ he wrote. “It doesn’t and can’t and shouldn’t try to. . . . What a translation does is to turn the original into something else.’’

Nevertheless, he argued, translators should be faithful to the century in which the original text was written.

A British citizen, Donald Selwyn Carne-Ross was born in Havana and his family returned to England when he was a child. Accomplished at languages and literature as a young student, he liked to tell the story of how future Nobel laureate T.S. Eliot invited him to tea once when Mr. Carne-Ross was only 18.

He attended Magdalen College at Oxford University, where he received bachelor’s and master’s degrees in English, and he served as a translator with the Royal Air Force during World War II.

After the war, he helped found a literary journal and was a producer for the Third Programme on BBC radio, arranging readings by poets such as W.H. Auden and Ted Hughes.

A marriage in England when he was young ended in divorce, according to Teresa Iverson, his longtime companion. A subsequent marriage to Luna Wolf, a book editor, also ended in divorce.

Mr. Carne-Ross immigrated to the United States in the late 1950s. He taught at New York University, then moved to the University of Texas at Austin. There, he helped William Arrowsmith, a classicist and translator, launch Arion, a humanities and classics journal now published by Boston University. While in Texas, Mr. Carne-Ross also helped found the National Translation Center and its journal, Delos.

When Silber brought him to Boston University in the early 1970s, Mr. Carne-Ross was a founding member of an interdepartmental studies program. He became a professor emeritus in 2002.

Haynes edited about a dozen essays by Mr. Carne-Ross and collected them in the book “Classics and Translation,’’ which is to be published this summer.

The past, near and distant, held an enduring allure for Mr. Carne-Ross. He never switched from typewriters to computers, never owned a television, and in the preface to “Instaurations,’’ a 1979 collection of his essays, he made clear his affection for Ancient Greek poetry and stories.

“More than any other language, to my ears, it says what is: what has been, is now, will be,’’ he wrote.

“Unlike other animals, man is born to no world and must constantly build a world in which he feels at home,’’ Mr. Carne-Ross wrote in “The Scandal of Necessity,’’ the book’s final essay. “Literature is one of the means by which he builds his world. . . . Greek poetry peoples the empty spaces of earth and sea and air with a company of sacred beings, so that every aspect of the natural world is embodied and named.’’

A memorial service will be held at 5:30 p.m. on April 22 in The Castle on the Boston University campus.

Also Seen: A Less-Than-Disarming Story

Here’s a weird one:

When the owner of a stone sculpture shop Tien Hieu in the stone sculpture village of Non Nuoc in the Central province of Da Nang reported a hand was missing from his stone statue of a young lady, police found that a fan of the Ancient Greek statue Venus de Milo was the culprit.

The statue,“ Thieu nu om hoa” (Young girl carries flowers), was being displayed on the flower street Bach Dang, in front of the Korean market, in Da Nang during Tet holidays. Early Saturday morning, the owner of the statue noticed one hand of his statue had been cut off.

The hand thief, Huynh Ngoc La Quang, 47, of Hai Chau district, said the statue worth VND35 million (US$1,800) was not beautiful enough with two hands, so he removed one. In his mind the secret of women’s beauty lay in the Venus de Milo’s missing arms so he took a hammer to the statue to make her more like Venus.

At present, the police at Hai Chau 1 ward are finishing the profile of Quang and will forward it to their seniors for further investigation.

via Venus fan removes statue’s hand | SGGP.

Citanda – Zeus: King of the Gods

Another comic of interest … here’s a review from Newsarama

The commonality between the Greek heroes and gods of myth and the twentieth century comic book superheroes has been noticed, expressed and remarked upon so many times that it has long since become a cliché.

It therefore shouldn’t come as much of a surprise how at home the Olympians are in the native medium of the superheroes, and yet George O’Connor’s Zeus: King of the Gods (First Second), is an amazingly graceful story. It may technically be an adaptation, but it reads like an original work.

… more

via Blog@Newsarama » Blog Archive » Review: Zeus: King of the Gods.

Also seen: Conventiculum Dickinsonienseis

The Conventiculum Dickinsonienseis a new total immersion seminar in active Latin. It is specifically designed for all cultivators of Latin who wish to gain some ability to express themselves ex-tempore in correct Latin. A wide range of people can benefit from the seminar: professors in universities, teachers in secondary schools, graduate students, undergraduates and other lovers of Latin, provided that anyone who considers applying has a solid understanding of the grammatical essentials of the Latin language. A minimum requirement is knowledge of Latin grammar and the ability to read a Latin text of average complexity, even if using a dictionary often. No previous experience in speaking Latin is necessary. Sessions will be aimed exclusively at developing ability in speaking, understanding others speaking, reading and discussing texts in the target language. After the first evening, Latin will be the exclusive language used in the seminar. Participants will be involved in intensive activity each day from morning until early evening (with breaks for lunch, etc., of course), and will discuss themes ranging from topics in books, literature and art to the routines and activities of daily life. The seminar will illustrate not only how active Latin can be useful for teachers, but also how cultivating an active facility in Latin can benefit any cultivator of Latin who wishes to acquire a more instinctive command of the language and a more intimate relationship with Latin writings.

via Dickinson College – Teacher Workshops. (also with info about the Summer Latin Workshop)

Zeffirrelli Herm Coming to Auction

Can’t find anything to quote at Bonham’s yet on this, but it’s interesting:

A lovely Roman marble bust that film director, Franco Zeffirrelli gave as a wedding gift to friends who worked with him on the filming of ‘The Taming of the Shrew’ will be sold at Bonhams next Antiquities Sale in London on April 28th.

Dating from the second century AD the Roman herm head traditionally used on the top of a pillar, is estimated to sell for £7,000 to £9,000. A wonderful photo of the bride and groom taken at their wedding with Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton and Zeffirelli will be sold with the bust they received from the film director.

A herm is a sculpted image of a god, thought to be originally Hermes. It stood in doorways, gardens or by the wayside for the protection of orchards and vineyards. There is also evidence that such an image was used in the performance of the ‘sacred marriage’ ritual in the Dionysiac mysteries connected with purification and fertility.

The filming of the ‘Taming of the Shrew’ in Rome in 1967 brought all these creative people together in a project that was critically acclaimed.

photo via Art Daily

more …

Knidos an Illegal Excavation Target

The ancient city of Knidos, located near the resort town of Datça on the Aegean, has become the target of illegal excavations and treasure hunters.

The gendarmerie station in the 2,600-year-old city is closed in the winter months, and security is provided by two watchmen. The police and gendarmerie forces caught treasure hunters near the ancient city last week, raising doubts about the protection of the ancient site.

Akın Pilavcı, the chairman of the Datça Local History Association, told the Doğan news agency that the ancient city of Knidos was not protected enough and called for action from the Culture and Tourism Ministry.

“It is not possible to protect the ancient city of Knidos with only two or three watchmen,” said Pilavcı. “The ruins are located on a very wide area and the gendarmerie is there only for the summer, and in the winter they only send patrols, which are not enough.”

more …

via Treasure hunters target ancient city of Knidos | Hurriyet Daily News.

CFP: 10th Annual Postgraduate Symposium on Ancient Drama

Seen on Classicists (please send any responses to the folks mentioned in the quoted text, not to rogueclassicism!):

10th ANNUAL POSTGRADUATE SYMPOSIUM ON ANCIENT DRAMA, JUNE 2010:

‘REVELRY, RHYTHM AND BLUES’

CALL FOR PAPERS
We are happy to announce the Tenth Annual Postgraduate Symposium organised
by the Archive of Performances of Greek and Roman Drama, University of
Oxford and the Department of Drama and Theatre, Royal Holloway, University
of London. This two-day event will take place on Monday 21st June at the
Ioannou Centre for Classical and Byzantine Studies, Oxford (66 St Giles) and
Tuesday 22nd June at Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham (Noh Studio).

ABOUT THE SYMPOSIUM
Organised by postgraduates, this annual symposium focuses on the reception
of Greek and Roman drama, exploring the afterlife of ancient dramatic texts
through re-workings of Greek and Roman tragedy and comedy by writers and
practitioners. In previous years, speakers from a number of countries have
given papers on miscellaneous aspects of the reception of Greek and Roman
drama. Abstracts of papers from previous symposia are accessible online:
http://www.apgrd.ox.ac.uk/events.htm

To celebrate that the event’s tenth year, the symposium will focus on
‘Revelry, Rhythm and Blues’ in the reception of Greek and Roman drama from
antiquity to the present day. Some speakers from previous years will return
this year to participate, including: Zach Dunbar (Central School of Speech
and Drama), Eleftheria
Ioannidou (Freie Universitat Berlin), Angie Varakis (University of Kent) and
George Sampatakakis (University of Patras). It is hoped that other leading
academics in the field of reception such as Edith Hall, Fiona Macintosh,
Oliver Taplin and David Wiles will also be present.

PARTICIPANTS
Postgraduates from across the globe working on the reception of Greek and
Roman drama are welcome to participate, as are those who have completed a
doctorate but not yet taken up a post. The Symposium is open to speakers
from different disciplines, including researchers in the fields of classics,
modern languages and literature, or theatre studies. Practitioners are
welcome to contribute their personal experience of working on ancient drama.
Papers may also include demonstrations. Undergraduates are very welcome to
attend.

Those who wish to offer a short paper (20 mins) or performative presentation
on ‘Revelry, Rhythm and Blues’ are invited to send an abstract of up to 400
words outlining the proposed subject of their discussion to
postgradsymp AT classics.ox.ac.uk BY WEDNESDAY 31st MARCH 2010 AT THE LATEST.
(Please include details of your current course of study, supervisor and
academic institution).

There will be no registration fee, but participants will have to seek their
own funding to cover travel and accommodation expenses.

ORGANISERS
Helen Slaney (University of Oxford), Katie Billotte (Royal Holloway,
University of London) and Lottie Parkyn (Royal Holloway, University of London).

CONTACT FOR ENQUIRIES
postgradsymp AT classics.ox.ac.uk

Mice Casts from Pompeii!?

Tim Parkin posted (on Facebook) this potentially very interesting snippet of a documentary featuring casts of mice who were caught at Pompeii:

… but I’m trying to figure out how genuine this is … if you follow the link at the end, it takes you to an artist’s site which has these same mice in bronze … anyone know?

Today’s Bust in Italy

from corriere di gela

Operazione ‘Kore’, as it’s been dubbed, has recovered a number of votive figures of the goddess (among other things) in Caltanissetta.  Here’s the beginning of a list of same from Corriere di Gela:

La Squadra Mobile della Questura di Caltanissetta, nell’ambito di mirate indagini su un vasto traffico di reperti archeologici, iniziate su input del Questore dr. Guido Marino, ha effettuato nei giorni scorsi un importantissimo sequestro di statue e vasi di altissimo valore. In particolare sono state sequestrate:

a) 1 statuetta fittile di Kore con attributo del fiore nella mano destra – età arcaica – rotta in 3 pezzi.

b) 1 statuetta fittile di Kore con attributo verosimilmente del melograno nella mano destra, ricomposta e scheggiata sul diadema – età arcaica.

c) 1 statuetta fittile di Kore con attributo verosimilmente del melograno (o del fiore) tra le mani, integra, età arcaica.

d) 1 statuetta fittile di Kore con attributo del volatile nella mano destra, ricomposta.

… more follows:  Operazione “Kore” della Polizia: sequestrati importanti reperti archeologici | Corriere di Gela .

More coverage:

ED: SACE Ancient Worlds Summer School 2010

Seen on Classicists (please send any responses to the folks mentioned in the quoted text, not to rogueclassicism!):

SACE Ancient Worlds Summer School 2010: 26th July – 6th August

Summer Schools Programme

The School of Archaeology, Classics and Egyptology (SACE) is pleased to announce its Summer School Programme for 2010. This year, summer school courses will be available in two subject areas: Classics and Egyptology.

Classics Summer School (Latin and Greek Language)

The Classics summer school will provide participants with the opportunity to immerse themselves in the language of their choice (Greek or Latin).

The summer school will be run over two weeks: the first week’s teaching will be at Beginner level, and the second week at Intermediate level. Attendees who are new to Classics may wish to take advantage of both weeks to establish a firm grounding in the language, while those with some linguistic experience can consolidate their skills by attending the second week of the course. These intensive programmes are open to anyone (aged 14+) wishing to improve their knowledge of the ancient languages, but would be particularly useful in providing prospective Undergraduates and Postgraduates with valuable experience and a head-start in Latin or Greek ahead of their studies. The courses will be taught by experts in the Latin/Greek languages.

Egyptology Summer School

The Egyptology Summer School will comprise two parts, focussing on the language and culture of ancient Egypt, with particular emphasis on Ramesside Egypt. In the first week, participants will learn about the art, history and religion under the rule of the Ramesses Pharaohs through a series of lectures and interactive seminars. The second week’s teaching will be language based: the course will introduce the hieroglyphic script and the ancient Egyptian language at Beginner level and will allow participants to read from a fascinating selection of ancient Egyptian funerary texts. Participants are welcome to sign up for either or both parts of the course. The Summer School will be taught throughout by expert scholars at the cutting of research on Ramesside Egypt.

Both the Classics and the Egyptology SACE Summer School programmes are available as a one week course (inc. 3 days tuition, 2 days private study time or optional excursions/themed lectures & activities) or an extended two week course (inc. 6 days tuition, 4 days private study or optional excursions/themed lectures & activities). Full residential facilities, including accommodation, meals and refreshments are also available on request (students must be aged 17 or over).

We are also offering a range of themed lectures and cultural activities including a chance to visit the region’s best collection of neo-classical art, the Lady Lever Gallery in Port Sunlight, and an artefact handling session in the Garstang Archaeology museum. All excursions and activities are included free of charge for residential students whilst non-residential students are warmly invited to attend for a small surcharge per event (details below).

For more information and booking details contact:

Dr Eugénie Fernandes (‘Classics for Schools’ Director) Tel: 0151 794 2312

Email: eugenie.fernandes AT liv.ac.uk

Dr Glenn Godenho (Egyptology Outreach Officer) Tel. 0151 794 2475

Email: glenn.godenho AT liv.ac.uk

Dr Katharine Earnshaw (School Outreach Officer) Tel. 0151 794 3061

Email: k.m.earnshaw AT liv.ac.uk