d.m. Sir Kenneth Dover

Word comes via the Classicist list that the eminent Sir Kenneth Dover has passed away … I’ll post obituaries as they become available, but until then, folks may want to peruse the Wikipedia bio of this giant of Hellenic studies … See also the growing list of personal reminiscences:

Update … we’re collecting obituaries under a separate entry

What Is Going On At Sites in Greece?

Italy (see below) is not the only place within our purview where strange goings-on are going on at archaeological sites. You’ve no doubt heard by now how Greece’s fiscal crisis is affecting archaeological sites — my inbox has been filling with the stories, but in case you were paying more attention to the Olympics or something, here’s the incipit of a piece from the Guardian which will give you an idea:

It was the world’s first university, where Plato taught, Aristotle studied and philosophy was born. But today as buses hurtle down the boulevard that bisects the park, past grey highrises, it is hard to believe this is one of the Greek capital’s ancient treasures; Plato’s Academy is so overlooked it is not even signposted.

“We haven’t managed to save the €7,000 [£4,500] such a sign would require,” says Nikoletta Divari Vilakou, the archaeologist in charge. “And that’s because of the economic problems.”

The crisis that has gripped Greece, rocked markets and rattled Europe’s single currency is now enveloping the country’s cultural heritage. The seat of learning, founded on property the philosopher inherited in 387BC, is not alone. This year, antiquities beneath the Acropolis stood under tangled weeds, testimony to the overstretched culture ministry’s inability to clean and prune.

Nationwide, some of Greece’s greatest glories – museums, castles and antiquities – have been closed to the public, from Kastellorizo in the east to Pella, Alexander’s birthplace, in the north. Like the desolate tourist shops alongside them, the ancient sites are devoid of holidaymakers, symbolic of the recession engulfing the nation.

“Where will the ministry find the money to complete rescue works on the monuments and sites that are in danger?” asked the authoritative Sunday Vima newspaper. The scale of the crisis has not been lost on the governing socialists elected to run Europe’s weakest economy after five years of scandal-plagued conservative rule. Unlike his predecessors, the new culture minister, Pavlos Geroulanos, a friend of the prime minister George Papandreou, readily acknowledges that although by far the nation’s most significant resource, the sector remains painfully under-funded.

“Culture and tourism represent over 20% of GDP, a huge chunk of the economy,” he told the Guardian. “We are the first to admit that for far too long culture has been marginalised, that not enough money has been dedicated to it, that we keep our ancient monuments away from the public and close them down.”

Few areas embody the fiscal mismanagement that has blighted Greece in recent years as much as those of culture and tourism. With the exception of the New Acropolis Museum, the capital’s biggest cultural success, the domain has all too often been treated as the fiefdom of politicians dispensing favours.

Highlighting the tawdry tales of corruption and incompetence at the culture ministry, a senior official in charge of finances and close friend of the former prime minister Costas Karamanlis, leapt from his home’s balcony after being linked to wrongdoing.

“We have found funds going to the wrong places in terms of financing new creativity, sports teams, promotion and communication projects,” said Geroulanos. “You hear of a shadow organisation that suddenly got €200,000 and has done nothing to show for it … or permits given out for bribes.”

The minister, who studied public administration at Harvard and is seen as an architect of the wide-ranging “revolution” the socialists would like to bring to Greece, estimates that at least 60% of his time is now spent “clearing the air of the toxic waste of corruption and bad practice. What we are doing is combating waste and corruption and funnelling saved funds in the direction of necessary healthy projects which are an investment for the future.”

But the task is far from easy. This year, as the cash-strapped government struggles under EU orders to pare the €300bn public debt and deficit, Geroulanos’ €710m budget has been cut by 10%. Worse still, the sector has lost out on EU funds, crucial for restoring and renovating monuments. “Greek culture has lost out because the previous government didn’t bother to design an [EU-funded] culture programme,” he said. “We are now trying to redirect funds from other ministries.”

Morale is also a problem. In the Plaka district below the Acropolis, custodians of wonders dating back to classical times – including many renowned archaeologists and conservationists – labour in graffiti-covered buildings under conditions that in any other EU capital would be considered intolerable.

“There is simply no money,” said an archaeologist with more than 30 years’ experience. “The lamp in my office blew the other day and I know that unless I pay to mend it, it will never be fixed.


Meanwhile, various members of the European Community weren’t exactly happy with the idea of having to support one of their less-than-responsible members and a pair of German parliamentarians had some suggestions which were widely covered in the English press (we’ll confine our mention to the coverage in the Christian Science Monitor):

As Prime Minister George Papandreou heads to Germany tomorrow to ask German Chancellor Angela Merkel for help in the Greek debt crisis, two members of her coalition have some advice: sell off your islands to pay off your debt.

The comments, by two members of the German parliament, were published in the German newspaper Bild under the provocative headline: “Sell your islands, you bankrupt Greeks! And sell the Acropolis too!” One parliamentarian, Frank Schaeffler, told the newspaper, “the Greek government has to take radical steps to sell its property – for example its uninhabited islands.”

Elsewhere, the CSM has a slideshow of the top ten items Greece could sell to pay for its debt … maybe they could just go for ‘naming rights’ a la North American football stadia … imagine, the “Pepsi Parthenon”  …  or maybe now’s the time for the British Museum to take advantage and tell Greece they’ll give them a few million for the Marbles as long as they shut up about it from this point on …

Hellenistic Coin Hoard from Syria

Interesting item from the Global Arab Network:

Global Arab Network photo

A collection of Hellenistic coins dating back to the era of Alexander the Great were found near Najm Castle in the Manbej area in Aleppo governorate (northern Syria ).

The coins were found by a local man as he was preparing his land for construction, uncovering a bronze box that contained around 250 coins. He promptly delivered the coins to the authorities who in turn delivered them to Aleppo Department of Archaeology and Museum.

Director of archaeological excavations at Aleppo Department of Archaeology and Museum Yousef Kanjo said the box contained two groups of silver Hellenistic coins: 137 tetra drachma (four drachmas) coins and 115 drachma coins.

One side of the tetra drachma coins depicts Alexander the Great, while the other side depicts the Greek god Zeus sitting on a throne with an eagle on his outstretched right arm. 34 of these coins bear the inscription “King Alexander” in Greek, while 81 coins bear the inscription “Alexander” and 22 coins bear “King Phillip.”

The drachma coins bear the same images as the tetra drachma, with “Alexander” inscribed on 100 of them and “Philip” on 15 of them.

The story was picked up by the AP service and received quite a bit of coverage elsewhere; the Washington Post item has additional photos:

What is Going On At Italian Sites???

Okay … for the past while I’ve been trying to understand a number of Italian newspaper articles about changes going on at the  Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali  . It seemed that there were things going on ‘at the top’, but it took an item in English from the March edition of the Art Newspaper for them to actually make sense to me:

It is all change in Italy’s state administration of what it calls its “cultural assets”, the Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali, or MIBAC for short. Not only are nine high-ranking superintendents retiring [superintendents are the officials responsible for the state museums such as the Uffizi, for buildings such as the Coliseum, for archaeology and archives and conservation institutes, not to mention the much abused Italian landscape], but its top civil servant, Giuseppe Proietti, is also leaving. In a country where cultural life is deeply politicised, where career moves in the civil service depend on government whim to an extent that is unimaginable in the UK or US, the new secretary general is a Florentine, Roberto Cecchi (b. 1949).

The reaction nonetheless has been that the right man has been appointed. Cecchi trained as a conservation architect and entered the superintendency for architecture in 1980. From 1997 to 2001 he had responsibility for the “environmental and architectural assets” of Venice, a diplomatically challenging job that he discharged with energy, subtlety and pragmatism. Thereafter he returned to the ministry in Rome to head one of its directorate-generals.


His priority now will be to provide new leadership for the superintendency network, currently suffering from depleted manpower, absurdly restrictive regulations, inadequate funding and a government that has repeatedly shown little respect for the cadre. He will also have to prove that he can collaborate with Mario Resca, the government’s specially appointed director-general for “valorizzazione” of the artistic treasures of Italy, a term that should mean “making the most of”, but which some Italian politicians today think means “squeeze for the maximum profit possible”.

Apparently the job is going to be tough … in the past week, it seems, there have been a couple of major embarassing incidents.  According to La Repubblica, employees at the Pantheon interrupted a concert therein because it was ‘closing time’ (i.e. 6.00 p.m.; the concert was scheduled to end at 6.15). There’s a Youtube video of the incident (go to around the five minute mark for the employee’s entrance; enjoy the concert up to that point):

cf: Pantheon, concerto interrotto Le scuse del ministro Bondi | La Repubblica

see now: Bum note as attendants end concert in the Roman Pantheon | Guardian

Then in StabiaNews (March 6) we read this incipit:

Avrebbero potuto fare di tutto, magari staccare un mosaico e portarselo a casa. Di certo sono saliti su pezzi di colonne e capitelli per farsi immortalare come antiche statue. Il monumento archeologico pi� conosciuto al mondo per due ore in bal�a dei turisti. Tutto perch� qualcuno ha �dimenticato� di chiudere i cancelli mentre era in corso – fino alle 10,30 – un’assemblea indetta dalla Cisl, Uil, Flp e Rdb. [etc. apologies for the characters there; not sure what's going on with that]

… i.e., for two hours while a union meeting was going on, tourists basically had the run of Pompeii, because someone forgot to lock the gate.

Pompei: Scavi incustoditi, turisti si avventurano ovunque | Stabia News/Libero

… the next day, folks were downplaying the incident and noting the problems that have arisen since the site of Pompeii was connected to Naples’ jurisdiction (or something like that):

Pompei: Scavi incustoditi, ora � scontro tra i sindacati | Stabia News/Libero

And as long as we’re in the environs of Naples, we can mention the restoration (of sorts) of the stadium at Puteoli, although no one can visit it due to lack of staff:

L’antico stadio di antonino. Il restauro a metà

Clearly we are seeing situations worthy of any number of internet abbreviations … OMG, WTF, SMH, DMNDS (that’s an Ochocincoism, I think) … etc.

Big Restoration Plans for the Colosseum

The incipit of a piece in Il Messaggero detailing restoration plans for the Colosseum (which began last year), including a less conspicuous fence, changing the lighting, and assorted other things with the ultimate goal of making all levels accessible to the public (I think):

Il terremoto del 2009 ha fatto danni e già si sta provvedendo. Altri lavori, grandi lavori, interesseranno a breve il simbolo di Roma, il Colosseo. «Il restauro è un progetto che fa parte dell’Alto piano strategico di sviluppo – annuncia il sindaco Gianni Alemanno – e sarà fatto con sponsor privati, il costo è elevato, pari a 20 milioni di euro. I lavori partono quest’anno».

Già a primavera i primi cantieri di quella che sarà una ristrutturazione complessiva: la Soprintendenza archeologica di Stato ha elaborato un progetto generale di restauro di tutto l’Anfiteatro Flavio, dagli ipogei all’ultimo livello, sollecitata particolarmente dal sindaco (che in passato ha definito il Colosseo «la sua inquietudine quotidiana») e incentivata dai fondi messi a disposizione dai Beni culturali con l’arrivo del commissario straordinario per l’area archeologica Roberto Cecchi (incarico assegnato inizialmente al capo della Protezione civile Guido Bertolaso, che ha lasciato per seguire il terremoto in Abruzzo).

Un progetto importante: pulizia della parte esterna, restauro, recinzione disegnata ad hoc e meno vistosa (l’attuale cancellata in tubi innocenti verrà sostituita e arretrata quasi a creare un’area pedonale: sarà meno vistosa, molto alta, tipo quella del Foro, del colore della pietra pulita), illuminazione studiata da un architetto della luce, spostati più all’esterno anche i metal detector. Almeno un anno, la stima della durata dei lavori. Attico, settore Stern, terzo ordine e ipogei, per un costo di 1,8 milioni di euro: «in realtà i lavori sono già iniziati a luglio scorso – spiega il commissario straordinario Roberto Cecchi – tutta la parte legata ai pronti interventi, in particolare al piano alto che ha risentito del sisma del 2009, quando le criticità già esistenti nell’area più esposta sono diventate urgenze. Per la parte sottostante sono in corso tre perizie di spesa. L’obiettivo finale è rendere fruibili tutti i livelli, è un peccato che siano tali solo il basamento e il primo piano. Abbiamo approfittato, per andare ad analizzare meglio lo stato del Colosseo, di quanto recita l’ordinanza dell’11 giugno scorso, disposizioni urgenti della Protezione civile, che chiede di garantire allo stesso modo sicurezza e fruizione dei beni». Quest’anno si comincia, i cantieri sono previsti a primavera, anche se Cecchi precisa: «E’ un progetto che in termini finanziari va al di là delle risorse disponibili».

more …

via Colosseo, grande restauro a primavera | Il Messaggero.

CFP: Archaeological Institute of America – 2011 Annual Meeting

Seen on various lists (please send any responses to the folks mentioned in the quoted text, not to rogueclassicism!):

The first submission deadline for the AIA’s 112th Annual Meeting, to be
held in San Antonio, Texas, January 6-9, 2011, is rapidly approaching.
The AIA invites archaeologists and scholars from related fields to
submit a session or paper for consideration for inclusion in the
Academic Program.

Deadline for Submissions

The schedule for submission of sessions and papers has been revised from
past years. There are now two deadlines. The first deadline is in March
for all colloquia (including joint AIA/APA sessions), workshop and any
open-session presenters who require an early decision. This will allow
all accepted presenters adequate time to apply for funding and for any
non-U.S. Resident to apply for a visa. The second deadline is in August
and is for all other open session paper and poster submissions and
resubmission of provisionally accepted colloquia. We have also
implemented a two-week grace period for both deadlines. Submissions will
still be accepted for two weeks following each deadline but with an
administrative fee of $25. The two deadlines

Friday, March 12, 2010 and Friday, March 26 (with $25 fee)
This deadline is applicable to all workshops and colloquia including
joint AIA/APA colloquia, and any open-session submissions needing an
early decision to acquire a visa or obtain funding.

Friday, August 6, 2010 and Friday, August 20 (with $25 fee)
This deadline is applicable for open session paper and posters
submissions, and any provisionally accepted colloquia that are

The submission system will be open through August 20, 2010. If you
expect to be in the field without internet access you may submit your
abstracts early, but you will not be notified of the PAMC’s decision
until late September.

The full Call for Papers and submission instructions are available on
the AIA website (www.archaeological.org/annualmeeting). Please be sure
to review these instructions prior to submitting your abstract or
session. All submissions must be made by means of online submission via
the AIA website. All submissions, of course, must pass the PAMC’s
vetting process to be put onto the program. As with past meetings, all
submissions must be made electronically. The online submission forms and
supporting documents are available on the AIA website.

* View the 2010 Call for Papers

* Online Submission Forms -

Call for Latin poets

Seen on Latinteach (please send any responses to the folks mentioned in the quoted text, not to rogueclassicism!):

Salvete omnes,

My name is Mark Walker and I am currently in the early stages of setting up a new journal, provisionally titled VATES: The Journal of New Latin Poetry, the purpose of which is to promote both the reading and the writing of new Latin verse. My hope is that by providing a forum for the publication of newly written Latin verse this journal will encourage people — everyone from Classics professors to Latin novices — to think about picking up their pens and composing something in Latin.

So if you or anyone you know ever wanted to write Latin poetry, now is your chance. VATES is being set up to give Latin poets from all backgrounds and all levels of experience an opportunity to show off their work, discuss it with other likeminded friends, and read about the work of others in the field.

For more information, visit


And don’t hesitate to get in touch with me if you want to know more: vates AT pineapplepubs.co.uk

ED: Rutgers Summer in Greece 2010

Seen on Aegeanet

Rutgers University is running its Summer Program to Greece again this
coming Summer 2010 for the 6th consecutive time (from ca. July 4 to August
11). In this undergraduate program we travel around Greece, spending about
half the time in Athens itself and half in the rest of Greece (in 3
discrete trips to Crete, the Peloponnese and northern Greece). Students
earn 6 credits, 3 in history and 3 in classics. While in Athens we stay in
and use facilities provided by College Year in Athens (see cyathens.org),
and outside of Athens we stay in hotels and overnight ferries traveling
around by bus. An estimate of the costs this coming year is ca. $5500 for
New Jersey residents and ca. $6500 for out-of-state residents (this figure
does not include food costs in Greece or airfare to and from Greece). The
program was rated as one of the most affordable by “Let’s Go Greece on a
Budget 2008.”

For more information and an application, please send students to
http://studyabroad.rutgers.edu/program_greece.html, or they can contact me

directly at gfarney AT andromeda.rutgers.edu. I can also provide print or
e-versions of our brochure if anyone wants it, as well as a more detailed

Reading the Unreadable

As I compose Explorator this a.m., note an interesting Radio Program hosted by Barnea Selavan on Israel National Radio on reading ancient texts (and not confined to items from Israel) … among the projects mentioned are those of the University of Kentucky’s VisCenter, which has a number of interesting videos, including this incredibly interesting one on how they ‘virtually unwrap’ papyrus scrolls. I don’t think I’ve linked to this one before, so:

Roman Quern Stone

A ROMAN quern stone discovered near Chaigley has sparked excitement in archaeological circles.

The stone was taken into Ribchester Roman Museum’s ‘Finds Day’ on Saturday by a local woman and Curator Patrick Tostevin says it was definitely “the highlight of the day.”

“It is the sort of object that would suggest there might be some sort of hitherto undiscovered Roman settlement in the area,” said Patrick. “It was an absolutely wonderful day and I was delighted with the response we had. A steady stream of people brought in a variety of different objects from coins to Chinese terracotta.

“The highlight of this was the Roman quern stone found near Chaigley, discovered in a ditch and which was in the possession of a woman who wanted to have it identified.”

He says the stone measures 370mm in diameter and is made of local millstone grit, adding: “We know that they used to import quern stones, but this a locally made one and is a very interesting find.”

The quern stone has now been loaned to the museum and Patrick says it will hopefully go on display in a couple of months time. The museum’s next ‘Finds Day’ is on Saturday, May 8.

via Exciting find for museum bosses | Longridge Today.

Another Program in Peril

The incipit of a piece in Inside Higher Education … I suspect the situation at Centenary College is rather more common than we might know:

In this era of financial turmoil in higher education, many arts and humanities programs have found themselves in the cross hairs of budget cutters. Some proposed cuts have quickly attracted national or even international opposition. Think of all the outrage, for example, about Brandeis University’s plan (since put on hold) to sell off its noted collection of modern art, or of the budget cuts that for a time endangered the future of the Louisiana State University Press.

In both of those cases, and many others, prominent academics and scholarly associations organized petitions, lobbied key decision makers and shouted to anyone who would listen that these cuts simply could not be made. Thousands of students in California are expected to rally across the state today to protest various cuts to California’s colleges and universities.

But there are also a lot of people and programs this year that are being eliminated with hardly any attention at all. These programs are on hit lists precisely because they are small, because they are not famous and thus they don’t have thousands of supporters organizing petition drives and rallies.

Stephen Clark has since 1988 been the only classics professor at Centenary College, a liberal arts institution in Louisiana. This week, the college decided to eliminate the Latin program, which has been the focus of his career as a tenured professor. While there is an appeals process, the college earlier indicated that tenured professors in departments that are closed would probably lose their jobs.

At Centenary, much of the discussion about which programs to eliminate focused on size, and Clark makes no claims that Latin classrooms are packed. Enrollments of five to seven students are good for upper division courses and most years there are only a few majors, sometimes just one.

more …

via News: Turning Off the Lights – Inside Higher Ed.

Roman Road Survey

ARCHAEOLOGISTS are surveying a newly-discovered Roman road.

The history of the road, which runs from Winchester to Chichester, is to be investigated and people are invited to get involved in a field visit.

People wanting to get a closer look at the ancient road should attend a workshop on Saturday March 20, held at the Milburys Pub in Beauworth, Hampshire.

The meeting starts at 11am with lunch at the pub. A field visit will follow in the afternoon.

Dr Richard Whaley, of North East Hants Archaeological Society, said: ‘The route to Chichester runs through this pub on to Exton and along the south face of Winchester Hill.

‘It is running through hilly country, and shows substantial engineering. Because of the hilly country, it runs in short straight lengths, which is probably the reason it has not been recognised before.

‘Indeed, for much of the way it is a well preserved terrace lying beside modern minor roads, tracks and footpaths.’

Some sections of the road are still to be discovered.

… all meetings should begin at a pub, no?

via Archaeologists survey Roman road | Portsmouth Today.

CFP: International conference on Greek and Latin Syntax

Seen on Classicists (please send any responses to the folks mentioned in the quoted text, not to rogueclassicism!):

International conference on Greek and Latin syntax

Paris, November 26-27, 2010

Université Paris-Sorbonne, École Normale Supérieure

The LALG research group (Langues anciennes et linguistique générale) of the Université Paris-Sorbonne (Paris 4) is organizing a two-day international conference on Greek and Latin syntax on the 26th and 27th November 2010, in the Maison de la Recherche de la Sorbonne and the École Normale Supérieure in Paris. This conference has the support of the École doctorale 1 « Mondes anciens et médiévaux », the Équipes d’accueil 1491 « Édition et commentaire des textes grecs et latins » and 4080 « Centre Alfred Ernout : linguistique et lexicographie latines et romanes », the Université Paris-Sorbonne, as well as the Département des Sciences de l’Antiquité of the ENS Paris and the Équipe de recherche « Sciences des textes anciens » of the UMR 8546 « Archéologie d’Orient et d’Occident et textes antiques ».

The purpose of this meeting is to promote syntactic studies in the field of Latin and Ancient Greek languages, in any theoretical framework. Every aspect of syntax can be considered: simple and complex sentence structure (noun phrase, verb phrase, adverbial phrase, negation, and subordination), macro-syntax (information structure, text syntax), the syntax-semantics interface, and the description of syntactic structures in terms of synchronic functions and diachronic changes. We hope the conference will provide an opportunity for scholars from different countries and various theoretical frameworks to meet each other, and will be the basis for a more thorough dialogue between the fields of Latin and Greek languages.

Submission guidelines: Anonymous abstracts about 3500-7000 characters long (including spaces, examples and references) should be sent in .pdf, .doc or .rtf to the following address: abstracts.sgl2010 AT gmail.com. Abstracts and oral presentations may be in French or in English. Each presentation will be allotted 30 minutes, plus 10 minutes for discussion. The body of your email message should include your name, affiliation and contact information. The following elements should appear in the abstract: an explicit title, the theoretical framework, and the corpus. The deadline for abstract submission is April, 30th 2010. Each abstract will be anonymously reviewed by at least two members of the scientific committee. Notification of acceptance will be given by the end of June 2010. After the meeting, the speakers will have the possibility to submit a complete paper for publication.

Important dates:
Abstract submission: 30 April 2010
Notification of acceptance : 30 June 2010
Meeting dates: 26-27 November 2010

Invited speakers:
Egbert J. Bakker (Yale University)
Colette Bodelot (Université Blaise Pascal de Clermont-Ferrand)

Scientific committee:
Nicolas Bertrand (Université de Lille 3)
Colette Bodelot (Université Blaise Pascal de Clermont-Ferrand)
Bernard Bortolussi (Université de Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense)
Richard Faure (Université Paris-Sorbonne)
Frédérique Fleck (École Normale Supérieure)
Frédéric Lambert (Université Michel de Montaigne-Bordeaux 3)
Arthur Ripoll (Université de Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense)
Liliane Sznajder (Université de Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense)
Jesús de la Villa (Université autonome de Madrid)

Organizing committee:
Nicolas Bertrand (Université de Lille 3)
Richard Faure (Université Paris-Sorbonne)
Frédérique Fleck (École Normale Supérieure).