Crassus’ Lost Army … Spinning out of Control

OMG!  The whole Crassus-lost-army-siring-Chinese-folks thing is getting increasingly silly. We mentioned the other day a piece from a Chinese source which brought up the story again, reminding folks of what the “study” in question actually said.  As far as I can tell from the original report, there hasn’t been any ‘new’ study other than the one previously-mentioned. Despite that, the Telegraph has spun this story in a very sensational way. Here’s their ‘lede’:

Genetic testing of villagers in a remote part of China has shown that nearly two thirds of their DNA is of Caucasian origin, lending support to the theory that they may be descended from a ‘lost legion’ of Roman soldiers.

… when we look for further details, all we get is:

Tests found that the DNA of some villagers in Liqian, on the fringes of the Gobi Desert in north-western China, was 56 per cent Caucasian in origin.

Has there been a new study? Are there new results? What journal was it published in?  Whatever the case, the remainder of the Telegraph piece is just a rehash of the People’s Daily item, without the ‘contrary’ opinion. As Adrian Murdoch noted on Twitter, “Shame on the Telegraph”. It gets worse though … even Harry Mount buys into the admittedly ‘romantic’ idea. His reasons:

For all the romance of the story, I tend to think it might well be true. People don’t move very much unless they’re forced to by war, famine or natural disaster. That’s why you still get a lot of people called Evans in Wales, and McDonald in Scotland; they’ve stayed near the spot where their surnames first emerged half a millennium or more ago.

The further away the original settlement of a new immigrant group – like the Romans in the East or, indeed, in Britain – the less we tend to believe it; particularly if the immigrant group then leaves, as the Romans left Britain in 410AD.

But the Romans left behind their DNA in Britain (confusing as it is to call them Romans – most of the legionaries on Hadrian’s Wall were in fact from Gaul, in modern France). The same goes for other civilisations; green and blue-eyed Afghans claim descent from Alexander the Great’s troops, who got as far as India in the 4th century BC, and I see no reason to disbelieve them, either.

Howzabout a couple millennia-worth of potential genetic incursions? I mean really … I’m sure if someone tested some of the First Nations people here in Canada, they’d find some traces of ‘Roman blood’. Will we make the leap to suggest that some lost army managed to make it to Six Nations territory? Cross-disciplinary research is all fine and good, but let’s not make it into fodder for the pyramidiots and others of that ilk, who will ultimately be jumping on this.

In any event, what’s really sad about this — and it’s the same thing I complained to the BBC about once upon a time — is that the Telegraph has a certain auctoritas amongst newspapers around the world, and now there’s a risk of this unsubstantiated viewpoint zipping its way around the world and presented as fact. Already, e.g., the piece from the Telegraph has appeared in Canada’s National Post and Montreal Gazette

The articles:

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem viii kalendas decembres

Aulus Persius Flaccus, scriptor romanus
Image via Wikipedia
ante diem viii kalendas decembres

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Cliopatria Awards

This is the sort of thing that makes me kind of uncomfortable to mention. From Ralph Luker, who oversees the Cliopatria blog:

David, Nominations are open until midnight 30 November for the Cliopatria Awards, 2010. There are six awards, for Best Group Blog, Best Individual Blog, Best New Blog, Best Post, Best Series of Posts, and Best Writer. Anyone wishing to offer nominations can do so at Cliopatria Awards Nominations Page . I’d appreciate your making this known at Rogue Classicism because we want to be sure that ancient history bloggers are considered for the Awards. Best wishes,
Ralph

More info at Cliopatria

Temple of Diana Found

From Adnkronos:

An almost 2,000 year-old Roman temple dedicated to Diana, the goddess of virgins and wild animals, has been unearthed in a protected park in the Italian region of Tuscany.

The ancient religious sanctuary, found in the Maremma national park is 350 square metres large, and was discovered in perfect condition by a team of Italian and other European archaeologists following a two-year dig.

Traditionally, Diana is known as the ‘virgin’ goddess charged with protecting women. According to mythology, Diana, along with goddesses Minerva and Vesta, swore to never marry, but the goddess is also associated with wild animals and nature, and so bears a second title of ‘Diana, goddess of the hunt.’

The temple, which has some seven internal rooms, also contained several items that were unearthed during the dig including 35 oil lamps, 10 coins, a bronze dog-shaped votive, two glass vials and mosaic decorations. Three statues of Diana and her twin brother, Apollo, were also uncovered.

The temple dates between the end of the 2nd and beginning of the 3rd century AD.

Other coverage:

 

Roman Bath in Jerusalem

Brief item from the Jerusalem Post:

Archeologists from the Israel Antiquities Authority uncovered a 1,800-year-old bathing pool in Jerusalem built by soldiers from the Tenth Roman Legion, the Legion that destroyed the Temple a few years before, reported Israel Radio on Monday.

Remains of the pool were discovered during excavations in the Jewish Quarter where a ritual bath is expected to be built.

Several wash basins were found in the pool, and surrounding it were hundreds of clay tiles that had imprints of the Roman Legion seal.

Site excavation director, Dr. Ofer Sion, told Israel Radio that the discovery shows that the Roman city established after the destruction of Jerusalem was bigger than what has been believed.

For those of you wondering about the Tenth Roman legion (as I was), this would have been the Legio X Fretensis

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CFP: Ancient Rome and Early Modern England

Seen on Classicists (please respond to the folks mentioned below, not rogueclassicism):

ANCIENT ROME AND EARLY MODERN ENGLAND: LITERATURE, HISTORY, AND POLITICS

Interdisciplinary conference, Jesus College Oxford, 21-22 May 2011

Speakers include David Norbrook and Blair Worden

CALL FOR PAPERS

Ancient Rome was a source of endless fascination to the early moderns.
Historians, politicians, divines, and imaginative writers looked to the
Roman example for models and inspiration. The aim of the conference is to
reassess the place of ancient Rome in the literary and political culture of
late Tudor and early Stuart England. In what ways did the translation and
reception of the Roman classics stimulate the native literary tradition or
influence its political outlook? What was the impact of the Roman precedent
on attitudes towards constitutional change, the rights and wrongs of empire,
and the law? How did it influence ecclesiastical policy and, more generally,
the views of the relationship between church and state? In what ways did
Roman historiography, political writings, and rhetoric shape the language
and substance of public argument? What was the trajectory of circulation in
manuscript and print of the Roman classics? What were the uses and topical
appeal of the Roman models in the wider public world and in education? How
did the Roman legacy compare with that of ancient Greece?

Our aim is to foster dialogue among literary scholars, classicists,
political and intellectual historians, historians of religion, specialists
in the history of the book, and historians of historiography. Bringing
together scholars representing diverse disciplines and approaches, the
conference will encourage reconsideration of much received wisdom about the
place of ancient Rome in early modern England’s literature and political
imagination. It will, we hope, raise new questions about, inter alia, the
shaping influence of the Roman example upon formal properties and topical
undercurrents of imaginative literature, sermons, and polemical writings;
upon conceptions of public institutions and the individual’s relationship to
them; upon views of foreign policy and international relations as also
military theory and practice; upon emergent confessional divisions and
incipient notions of religious toleration; and, finally, upon perceptions of
social relations in urban, above all metropolitan contexts. No less
important will be to assess the utility and pervasiveness of romanitas
before and after the union with Scotland, and compare the situation in
England with major European states, in particular, France, Spain, Italian
principalities, and the Netherlands.

We invite proposals for 30-minute papers. Please e-mail abstracts of no more
than 500 words to Felicity Heal (felicity.heal AT jesus.ox.ac.uk) or Paulina
Kewes (paulina.kewes AT jesus.ox.ac.uk) by 30 January 2011.

The Oxford gathering is a follow-up to the conference on ‘Ancient Rome and
Early Modern England: History, Politics, and Political Thought’ to be held
at the Huntington Library, 21-22 January 2011. For further information,
please contact Carolyn Powell (cpowell AT huntington.org).


CFP: Historiography & Antiquarianism Conference, Sydney (12-14 August 2011) Information & CFP

Seen on Classicists (please respond to the folks mentioned below, not rogueclassicism):

HISTORIOGRAPHY AND ANTIQUARIANISM (sponsored by CCANESA)
12-14 August 2011
University of Sydney, Australia

CFP: Title and a 150 word abstract due 15 January 2011

This conference aims to expand a discussion on approaches to the past from
Greco-Roman antiquity to the 17th century, and to assemble scholars
interested in the relationship between history and antiquarianism in the
ancient and pre-modern worlds. While antiquarian studies have expanded
significantly in early modernist circles in the last 30 years, earlier
centuries of antiquarianism (up to the 16th century) are only now
beginning to attract interest. Was Arnaldo Momigliano right in 1950 that
historians write narratives and solve problems, while antiquaries build
systems and collect material remains? What has changed in our view of
historiography and antiquarianism? Must we reconsider the disciplinary
value of antiquarian methods? One historian has even recently argued: ‘in
the twentieth century antiquarianism conquered history.’ The hope at this
conference is to cross the boundaries between ancient and early modern
historians and to provide new ideas for the study of culture in both
fields.

For further information see http://classics.org.au/haconference/

email: antiqua2011 AT gmail.com

CFP: Great, Greater, Gloriosus

Seen on Classicists (please respond to the folks mentioned below, not rogueclassicism):

Great, Greater, Gloriosus:

Constructions of Greatness and Delusions of Grandeur in Antiquity

University of Virginia, Department of Classics

The Classics Graduate Student Association of the University of Virginia is pleased to welcome abstracts for its fifteenth annual Graduate Student Colloquium, to be held in Charlottesville, Virginia on Saturday, March 19, 2011.

The keynote speaker will be Ralph Rosen, Rose Family Endowed Term Professor of Classical Studies at the University of Pennsylvania.

Achieving greatness is not merely a question of asserting superiority over others, but also depends on the ability to convince others that one has accomplished something worthy of respect and admiration. The ancient world provides countless examples of individuals who tried to demonstrate their own greatness in relation to real or imagined rivals, whether through military exploits, politics, philosophy, literature, art, or architecture. Sometimes these claims were successful, but at other times they fell short and were rejected by their intended audiences. Although the idea of greatness is frequently invoked in discussions of antiquity, the ways in which it was constructed, challenged, and broken down are not sufficiently understood.

This colloquium will aim to investigate how groups and individuals (political actors, authors, artists, religious figures, literary characters, etc.) assumed or asserted their superiority over others, and to explore how others responded to these boasts. By bringing together papers that look at both successful and failed claims to greatness from a variety of perspectives, we hope to come to a better understanding of a concept that is nearly ubiquitous in the life and literature of the ancient world.

We welcome abstracts from all fields related to the classical world and its reception, including classics, archaeology, art history, philosophy, comparative literature, history, religious studies, women and gender studies, politics, medieval studies, and modern literatures.

Possible questions include but are not limited to:

· How is greatness defined in different areas of achievement (e.g. literature, politics, the visual arts, sport, religion)?

· How do concepts of greatness differ between social, ethnic, or gender groups?

· Why do individuals or groups strive to display their greatness?

· Who is able to confer ‘greatness’? Who is entitled to be called ‘great’? Who falls short?

· How is greatness represented in different areas?

· What are the risks and/or rewards of presenting oneself as ‘great’?

· What happens when different conceptions of greatness clash? when a claim is foisted on those who are unwilling to recognize it? When and why are assertions of greatness rejected?

· Do earlier models of greatness help or hinder those who aspire to it in later periods?

· What happens when somebody claims greatness prematurely or without justification? How do rivals deconstruct, dismantle, or attack claims to greatness?

· Does the concept of greatness ever become a cliché or lose its power? When or why do models of greatness change?

Papers should be no more than twenty minutes in length. Abstracts of no more than one page can be submitted as attachments to Sarah Miller at sjm8v AT virginia.edu no later than December 17, 2010. Your name should not appear on your abstract, so please make sure that the body of your e-mail includes your name, paper title, institution, e-mail address and mailing address. You may also send your abstract (with your personal information on a separate sheet) to:

Sarah Miller

Department of Classics

University of Virginia

PO Box 400788

Charlottesville, VA 22904

If you have any questions, please contact Colloquium Directors

Christopher L. Caterine (clc4ed AT virginia.edu) or Harriet Livesay (hhl7z AT virginia.edu).

CFP: Women, Gender and Law in the Ancient Mediterranean

Seen on various lists (please respond to the folks mentioned below, not rogueclassicism):

Call for papers for the Women’s Network/Réseau des femmes panels at the Annual Meeting of the Classical Association of Canada, 10-12 May 2011, in Halifax, NS:

WOMEN, GENDER AND LAW IN THE ANCIENT MEDITERRANEAN

The Women’s Network/Réseau des femmes of the CAC invites submissions for a panel on ‘Women, Gender and Law in the Ancient Mediterranean.’ We welcome proposals from a variety of methodological perspectives including those of legal and social historians, literary critics, papyrologists, and experts in epigraphy. Topics may address (but are not limited to) laws governing women?s economic capacity; regulations on clothing and adornment; the representation of women in forensic oratory; the treatment of gender and law in literature; the legal status of prostitutes; social controls on sexual activity; women’s access to the courts, legal remedies and benefits; and the relationship between gender, status and legal impediments.

Abstracts of no more than 300 words for proposed papers of 15-20 minutes in length should be submitted by January 21, 2011. Please use the on-line abstract submission for the CAC Annual Meeting and indicate ?Women?s Network/Réseau des femmes? panel at http://cac-scechalifax2011.classics.dal.ca/index.php/CAC2011/CACHFX/schedConf/cfp. For questions regarding the panel, please contact Fanny Dolansky (fdolansky(at)brocku.ca) or Judy Fletcher (jfletcher(at)wlu.ca).

CONF: Symposium on Ancient Mosaics, 4th December 2010

Seen on various lists (please respond to the folks mentioned below, not rogueclassicism):

The Association for the Study and Preservation of Roman Mosaics (ASPROM) will be holding its winter
symposium at King’s College London on Saturday 4th December, 2-5.30 pm.
All are welcome to attend.
Please note that bookings for lunch close this Friday (19th November 2010).

Programme:
Ellen Swift – Non-figurative mosaics in domestic houses: context and function
Jeffery Leigh – Roman gold glass tesserae in Britain: the Southwick Three and Marlipins Four
Stephen Cosh & David Neal – Completing the Corpus: the final volume and a review of the project
Update on British mosaics

Venue: King’s College London, Strand Campus, King’s Building K2.31

Booking fee: £10 members, £8 student members, £15 non-members
Sandwich lunch available from 1-2pm (£5)
Full details & booking form at http://www.asprom.org/news/symposium63.html
Contact: Dr Will Wootton, King’s College London (will.wootton AT kcl.ac.uk).

CONF: Classics Seminars at Edinburgh 2010/11: Semester 2

Seen on Classicists (please respond to the folks mentioned below, not rogueclassicism):

Please find below the Semester 2 programme of Classics Research Seminars at Edinburgh. All seminars take place on Wednesdays at 5.10pm in the Meadows Lecture Theatre, Ground Floor, Medical School, Teviot Place, Doorway 4, unless otherwise stated. All are welcome to attend. For further information please contact Ursula Rothe (ursula.rothe AT ed.ac.uk).

Edinburgh Classics Research Seminar 2010/11: Semester 2

19th January
Prof. STEPHEN MITCHELL (Exeter)
‘Caracalla in Ankara AD 215’

26th January
Dr. JAMES HOWARD JOHNSTON (Oxford)
‘Reflections on the last great war of antiquity 603-630’

2nd February
Dr. LISA HAU (Glasgow)
‘Tykhe in Polybius – new answers to an old question’

9th February
Prof. STEPHEN HALLIWELL (St. Andrews)
‘Is there a Greek concept of fiction?’

23rd February
Dr. JENNIFER INGLEHEART (Durham)
‘Speaking names: the significance of naming in Catullus’

2nd March
Prof. INEKE SLUITER (Leiden)
‘Free speech and the marketplace of ideas’

9th March
Prof. NICO ROYMANS (VU Amsterdam)
‘The Batavians between Germania and Rome. The emergence of a military people’

16th March
Dr. DYFRI J. R. WILLIAMS (British Museum)
‘Refiguring the Parthenon sculptures’

20th April
Dr. ROBERTA TOMBER (British Museum)
‘Rome’s eastern trade – from the Red Sea to the Bay of Bengal’

27th April
Dr. JANET DELAINE (Oxford)
‘Reflections on Trajan’s Pantheon’

CONF: Eight Years In Babylon: Classics and the Iraq War Eight Years On

Seen on Classicists (please respond to the folks mentioned below, not rogueclassicism):

The Centre for the Reception of Greece and Rome at Royal Holloway College,
University of London is pleased to announce a conference entitled: Eight
Years in Babylon: Classics and the Iraq War Eight Years On.

In Western Europe and North America, one of the most dominate filters
through which the recent history of relations with Iraq has been processed
is that of ancient Greece. Numerous creative artists as well as academics
have compared and contrasted the Greeks’ view of their Mesopotamian and
other central Asiatic neighbours with modern ethnic stereotyping,
intercultural reportage, and the production of the historical record.

This conference will bring together an interdisciplinary team of artists
and scholars (British, North American, and Iraqi) to ask important
questions surrounding these pieces such as do they form a related body of
work and do they offer new insight into the political discourse
surrounding the Iraq War or the history of Classical Reception?

Currently confirmed speakers are as follows:

Professor Edith Hall (Royal Holloway College, University of London)
Professor Nancy S. Rabinowitz (Hamilton College)
Helen Slaney (Oxford)
Dr. Tony Keen (Open University)
Professor Najim A. Kadhim Al-Dyni (University of Baghdad)
Dr. Christine Lee (Bristol)
Professor Roger Matthews (UCL)
Lt. Mark Larson (United States Army)

The conference will be held on 18 March 2011 at 2 Gower Street, London WC1
B3 beginning at 10:00. There will be no participation fee. For additional
information, please contact Katie Billotte (Conference Convenor, Royal
Holloway College, University of London) at K.Billotte AT rhul.ac.uk.

ED: UGA Classics Summer Institute

Seen on various lists (please respond to the folks mentioned below, not rogueclassicism):

UGA’s 2011 Summer Institute courses have been announced!

To view the flyer: http://classics.uga.edu/temp%20images%20pdfs/summerinstituteposter11.pdf

Each year the Institute offers a variety of undergraduate and graduate Latin and Classics courses, including, in odd-numbered years, a methods course for Latin teachers and Intensive Beginning Greek and, in even-numbered years, Intensive Beginning Latin. The Institute curriculum is supplemented by workshops and guest lectures by visiting master teachers and scholars. The program is designed especially for Latin teachers who wish to continue their education or earn a Master’s degree in Latin on a summers-only basis. The faculty of the Department of Classics share in a tradition of cooperation with high school teachers that culminates each summer in an exciting and challenging curriculum. Here are the offerings for the summer of 2011:

First Short Session – June 13 – July 1, exam on July 5
GREK 2050 – Intensive Greek I 9:00 – 11:45 am Park Hall 225 Dr. Naomi Norman

Second Short Session – July 6 – July 26, exam on July 27
GREK 2060 – Intensive Greek II 12:30 – 3:15 pm Park Hall 225 Dr. Charles Platter

LATN 4/6400 – Augustan Literature 1:00 – 3:45 pm Park Hall 114 Dr. Christine Albright

Through Session – June 13 – July 25, exam on July 26
CLAS 4/6329 – Roman Republic 9:00 – 10:15 am Park Hall 228 Dr. T. Keith Dix

LATN 6030 – Tacitus 10:30 am – 12:00 noon Park Hall 116 Dr. John Nicholson

CLAS 8000 – Proseminar 3:50 – 5:50 pm • Mondays Only Park Hall 222 Staff

LATN 4/6770 – Teaching Methods 3:50 – 5:50 pm • Wednesdays Only Park Hall 222 Mr. Randy Fields
Housing:
For the most up-to-date information about available University Housing, please visit: http://www.uga.edu/housing/rates/nextyearsrates.html. Off-campus housing is also available. UGA meal plans are offered at low student rates.

Tuition:
Tuition rates for summer 2010 were $250 per credit hour plus $584 in fees for in-state students and $871 per credit hour for out-of state students (2011 rates will be available in early 2011 – please check the UGA Bursar’s Office for the most updated information).

Latin teachers from outside Georgia may complete a tuition waiver to reduce tuition to the in-state level. Modest scholarships are also available from the Department. Scholarships are also offered by non-UGA organizations; please visit www.classics.uga.edu for a list.

Admissions:
All Institute participants must be admitted to the University of Georgia, either as Degree or Non-Degree students. Please apply on the Graduate School website at http://www.grad.uga.edu. For admission to the Summer Institute, complete the online application packet available at http://classics.uga.edu/academic_programs/summer_institute_application.htm. Writing samples may be emailed to grading AT uga.edu.

Deadlines:
Application and supporting documents must be received no later than April 1st for domestic applicants, six weeks earlier for international applicants.

For more information, please contact Kay Stanton at gradinq AT uga.edu or Dr. John Nicholson at jhn AT uga.edu, or call 706-542-9264.

ED: AAR Classical Summer School 2011

Seen on various lists (please respond to the folks mentioned below, not rogueclassicism):

American Academy in Rome Classical Summer School

This six-week program is designed to provide qualified graduate students, mature undergraduates, and middle school, high school, and two-year college teachers with a well-founded understanding of the growth and development of the city of Rome through a careful study of material remains and literary sources.

(See more information and download forms at: http://www.aarome.org/other-ways-to-participate.php?rt=program&rid=27)

2011 dates
June 20 – July 29, 2011

2011 application deadline
January 18th, 2011
Notification will be on or around March 1, 2011.

2011 Director
Professor Susann S. Lusnia, FAAR’96, Associate Professor, Department of Classical Studies, Tulane University

Costs
Tuition: $1,800
Basic room and board: $4,200 (estimated)
Tuition, room and board will total approximately $6,000, not including airfare, personal
expenses and additional, unplanned expenditures. This estimate does not include lunches, any travel not directly related to the program of the Summer School, nor expenses such as laundry, tips, amusements, or shopping.

Lodging
Students of the Classical Summer School must stay at the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies (ICCS). The estimated cost for 6 entire weeks is $4,200 per person for a shared double room and half board (breakfast and dinner 5 days per week, 42 nights). Admission is contingent upon the participant’s agreeing to stay at ICCS.

Application Materials
The deadline for applications is January 18, 2011. Please thoroughly read the 2011 Guidelines before completing the Classical Summer School Application.

All application materials must be mailed or emailed to the Director:
Prof. Susann Lusnia
Department of Classical Studies
210 Jones Hall
Tulane University
New Orleans, LA 70118
Email: lusnia.aarcss AT gmail.com

Scholarships
All applicants are eligible for the Sollman and CSAAR Scholarships. Applicants are also encouraged to apply for scholarships offered through their regional and state classical organizations. Fulbright Commission grants are open only to secondary school teachers of Latin, and have a January 11, 2011 deadline. Applicants for all scholarships MUST ALSO submit the Classical Summer School application to the Director.

Roman Junction What’s Your Function?

From Cambs Times:

The find reveals a new junction on the historic Fen Causeway road which runs underneath Whitemoor Marshalling Yards, the site where Network Rail are building a brand new railway reycling centre worth £23 million.

The discovery points towards the town’s ancient history as a centre for settlement and trade, and provides evidence of further links to nearby settlements.

North Pennines Archaeology Ltd sent workers to the Whitemoor site to investigate the remains of the rail yard and establish whether the course of the Fen Causeway had been fully removed by the rail yard’s construction.

The archaeologists came across a 12 metre-wide road and an additional eight metre-wide road heading south-west of the junction. It is believed that this was built to meet an east-west road recently excavated at the County Council’s waste transfer facility at Melbourne Avenue.

Another possible road, though less well preserved, heads north-eastwards towards known settlements and the salterns in the Longhill Road area.

Kasia Gdaniec, of the Cambridgeshire County Council’s Historic Environment Team, said: “This has been a rare opportunity to investigate an unexpectedly well-preserved section of the Fen Causeway. It is the first time that a junction has been found in association with it,”

She added: “March has a wealth of fantastic archaeological remains that are exciting and challenging in equal measure.”

The discovery falls under the former marshalling yards where a new national railway recyling centre is in the second phase of construction. The centre will enable Network Rail to sort, clean, process, recycle and re-use railway materials.

The centre aims to create even more jobs in the town.

via Roman road junction discovered at Network Rail site | Cambs Times.