Second Floor Toilets from Pompeii?

Another one from the AIA/APA thing and Stephanie Pappas of LiveScience … this one looks at A. Kate Trusler’s studies of evidence of second floor ‘bathrooms’ in Pompeii … the incipit:

The residents of the ancient city of Pompeii weren’t limited to street-level plumbing, a new study finds. In fact, many in the city may have headed upstairs when nature called.

Most second floors in the Roman city are gone, claimed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius that destroyed Pompeii in A.D. 79. But vertical pipes leading to lost second stories strongly suggest that there were once toilets up there, according to a new analysis by A. Kate Trusler, a doctoral candidate in anthropology at the University of Missouri.

University of Missouri System

University of Missouri System (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

“We have 23 toilets that are connected, that are second-story preserved, that are connected to these downpipes,” Trusler told LiveScience on Friday (Jan. 4) at the annual meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America in Seattle, where she presented her research.

Traces of toilets

Trusler became interested in Pompeii’s latrines six years ago while doing fieldwork in the city. Previous researchers and works on Pompeii often stated that there was a toilet in almost every house. But Trusler found that statement confusing. Walking around the city, she said, it was clear that some spots were chock full of homes with private latrines, while other areas seemed to be toilet deserts.

“And,” Trusler added, “there are all of these downpipes that are part of that picture that no one is really considering.”

So Trusler decided to conduct a plumbing survey of sorts, mapping latrine and downpipe locations around the city. One residential district, known to archaeologists as Region 6, does indeed have toilets on the ground story of almost every home, she said. But other blocks have few toilets. In total, 43 percent of homes in the city had latrines on the ground floor, Trusler found. […]

… LiveScience also has a nice slideshow of Pompeiian toilets, for all you pottyphiles: Image Gallery: Pompeii’s Toilets

Bryn Mawr Classical Reviews

  • 2013.01.19:  George Cawkwell, Cyrene to Chaeronea: Selected Essays on Ancient Greek History. bmcr2
  • 2013.01.18:  Arne Thomsen, Die Wirkung der Götter: Bilder mit Flügelfiguren auf griechischen Vasen des 6. und 5. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. Image and context 9​.
  • 2013.01.17:  Eric W. Robinson, Democracy beyond Athens: Popular Government in the Greek Classical Age.
  • 2013.01.16:  Marian Hillar, From Logos to Trinity: The Evolution of Religious Beliefs from Pythagoras to Tertullian.
  • 2013.01.15:  Nuala Distilo, Commento critico-testuale all’Elettra di Euripide (2 vols.).
  • 2013.01.14:  Miriam Leonard, Socrates and the Jews: Hellenism and Hebraism from Moses Mendelssohn to Sigmund Freud.
  • 2013.01.13:  Kathy Eden, The Renaissance Rediscovery of Intimacy.
  • 2013.01.12:  Gabriel Herman and Shimon Epstein on Forsdyke on Herman (ed.), Stability and Crisis in the Athenian Democracy.
  • 2013.01.11:  Jamie Sewell, The Formation of Roman Urbanism, 338-200 B.C.: Between Contemporary Foreign Influence and Roman Tradition. JRA Supplementary series, 79.
  • 2013.01.10:  Mélina Tamiolaki, Liberté et esclavage chez les historiens grecs classiques. Hellenica.
  • 2013.01.09:  Simo Örmä, Kaj Sandberg, Wolfgang Helbig e la scienza dell’antichità del suo tempo. Atti del convegno internazionale in occasione del 170° compleanno di Wolfgang Helbig, Institutum Romanum Finlandiae 2.2.2009. Acta Instituti Romani Finlandiae, 37.
  • 2013.01.08:  Kathryn Bosher, Theater Outside Athens: Drama in Greek Sicily and South Italy.
  • 2013.01.07:  Jean-Marie Kowalski, Navigation et géographie dans l’Antiquité gréco-romaine: la terre vue de la mer. Antiquité-Synthèse.
  • 2013.01.06:  Alexander Sens, Asclepiades of Samos. Epigrams and Fragments.
  • 2013.01.05:  Jens Gering, Domitian, dominus et deus? Herrschafts- und Machtstrukturen im Römischen Reich zur Zeit des letzten Flaviers. Osnabrücker Forschungen zu Altertum und Antike-Rezeption, 15​.
  • 2013.01.04:  Rolf Hurschmann, Hamburg, Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, Band 2: Unteritalisch rotfigure Keramik. Corpus vasorum antiquorum. Deutschland, Bd. 91; Hamburg Bd. 2.

Vergilian Society Tours

Seen on various lists … someday I’ll go on one of these:

To sign up for any of this summer’s tours, please visit: Questions may be sent to Keely Lake at vergsoc AT<mailto:vergsoc AT>.

Vergilian Turkey Trip June 28 – July 13, 2013
Directors: Andrew L. Goldman and Amy E. Goldman
We will visit sites linked to major and minor gods and mythological characters, discussing both the physical remains at the sites and the literary texts that inform our understanding of their associated myths and rituals. Participants will begin the journey in the city of Antalya on the southern Turkish coast, with visits to nearby Perge and the Antalya Museum. After excursions to Olympos, the mysterious flames of the Chimera and the sanctuary of Leto near Xanthos, the group will then continue on to Fethiye to enjoy a day touring the Lycian coast by boat. Turning inland, we will then visit Hierapolis, Aphrodisias, and Nysa. The tour will then head southwards to ancient Halicarnassus and embark on a ferry trip to Knidos. We will then spend several days visiting major sites along the western coast of Turkey, including Didyma, Priene, Ephesus, Claros, Pergamum, Assos, Tenedos, and Alexander Troas. After a day exploring ancient Troy and discussing the events of the Homeric conflict, the group will cross the Hellespont via ferry and proceed to Istanbul. The trip will end with a day in modern Istanbul, where we will tour the major ancient monuments, visit the famous Archaeology Museum, and get a taste of modern Turkish life. Price: $2,575: Single supplement: $425

The Italy of Caesar and Vergil: A Workshop for Teachers July 2-13, 2013
Directors: Anne Haeckl and Amy Leonard
This workshop for high school Latin teachers will combine classroom sessions in successful pedagogical practices with thematically relevant site visits that illuminate the lives and works of Caesar and Vergil. Morning study sessions will provide ideas and skills to enrich both beginning and advanced courses, with a focus on the readings and abilities required by the revised Advanced Placement syllabus. Afternoon site and museum visits will contextualize the writings of these authors elucidating the common themes of Caesar’s commentarii and Vergil’s Aeneid. Through thoughtfully constructed lectures and on-site readings from ancient writers, teachers will acquire interpretive insights and instructional strategies for teaching these essential authors. Sites include: Rome (Forum, Palatine, Campus Martius), Temple of Apollo and Atrium of the Sibyl at Cumae, Lake Avernus, Tomb of Vergil, Sperlonga, Pompeii, Lavinium, Herculaneum and Vesuvius. Price: $2,595

From Neapolis to Apragapolis: The Greco-Roman Bay of Naples July 15 – 27, 2013
Directors: James Andrews and Randall Colaizzi
The Bay of Naples was always one of the most important centers of Classical culture, and the culminating destination of the European Grand Tour. It was the foothold of the Greeks in their colonization of Magna Graecia; the scene of decisive moments in the Punic, Social, and Slave Wars of the Roman Republic; and the graveyard of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and the hundreds of villas buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD. Celebrated here were the fishponds of Lucullus, the aqueduct of Augustus, the real extravagances of Nero, and the fictional eccentricities of Petronius. Greeks, Etruscans, Samnites, Lucanians, and Romans lived here; Augustus, Tiberius, and Pliny the Elder died here. We will visit the archaeological sites and the several museums which preserve the artifacts from two millennia of Greco-Roman culture. Sites include Sperlonga, Terracina, Cumae, Lake Avernus, Solfatara, Pompeii, Naples, Paestum, Pozzuoli, Beneventum, Saepinum, Herculaneum, Oplontis (Torre Annunziata), Capri, Baiae, Bacoli, Misenum. Price: $2,595

Vergil the Poet and Medieval Wizard: Literary Magic July 29-August 10, 2013
Directors: Chris Ann Matteo and Ray Clark
We shall walk in the footsteps of Trojan Aeneas upon the acropolis of Cumae, in the Sibyl’s cave, and at Lake Avernus, where he descended alive into the Land of the Dead. Vergil’s immortalization of this landscape in the Aeneid resulted in many medieval legends attributing to him the magical power of transforming the landscape. Thus all the hot springs in the area were thought by medievalists to have been of his creation. With this and the Aeneid in mind we shall explore with on-site lectures the marvels of Cumae and other early Greek settlements set within the Flaming (Phlegraean) Fields and its environs, and explore places familiar to Vergil. Price: $2,595