This Day in Ancient History: ante diem xi kalendas maias

ante diem xi kalendas maias

  • Parilia (a.k.a. Palilia) — originally a festival in honour of Pales (who protected shepherds and their flock), it eventually evolved — in the city of Rome, at least — into a ‘birthday of Rome’ celebration
  • 753 B.C. — traditional date for the foundation of Rome
  • 43 B.C. — pro-Caesarian forces “under” Octavian defeat the forces of Marcus Antonius at Mutina
  • 47 A.D. – Claudius celebrates the ludi Saeculares (?)
  • 148 A.D. – Antoninus Pius celebrates the 900th anniversary of Rome
  • 248 A.D. – Philip Arabus celebrates the 1000th anniversary of Rome

This Day in Ancient History: pridie nonas apriles

pridie nonas apriles

  • ludi Megalesia (day 1 … associated with the next item, obviously)
  • 204 B.C. — the image and cult of the Mater Magna (a.k.a. Cybele) is brought to Rome during the conflict with Hannibal on the advice of the Sybilline books
  • 37 A.D. — the ashes of Tiberius are placed in the Mausoleum of Augustus
  • 186 (or 188) A.D. — birth of the future emperor Septimius Bassianus (later known as M. Aurelius Antoninus Caesar; better known as Caracalla)

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem v kalendas apriles

ante diem v kalendas apriles
  • 37 A.D. — arrival of Gaius (Caligula) in Rome
  • 193 A.D. — murder of the emperor Pertinax; recognition of Didius Julianus as Augustus
  • 364 A.D. — elevation of Valens to the rank of Augustus

… in the early Church, this was one of the days claimed as the day of Jesus’ birth

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem vi kalendas apriles

ante diem vi kalendas apriles
538 B.C. — Accession of Cyrus the Great to the Persian throne (according to one reckoning)*
196 B.C.– Ptolemy V Epiphanes becomes pharaoh of Egypt (accordingto one reckoning)*

47 B.C. — Gaius Julius Caesar is victorious in Alexandria

47 B.C. — Ptolemy XIII drowns while trying to cross the Nile (related to the foregoing event?)

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem xii kalendas apriles

ante diem xii kalendas apriles
  • Festival of Mars continues (day 21)
  • Quinquatrus continues (day 3) — originally a one-day festival with rites in honour of Minerva, by Ovid’s day it had been increased to five days, with the last four involving gladiatorial bouts
  • 1766 — death of Richard Dawes (Classical scholar)

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem xiii kalendas apriles

ante diem xiii kalendas apriles

  • Festival of Mars (day 20)
  • Quinquatrus (day 2) — second day of a five-day festival (although the name originally came from the fact that it came five days after the Ides, apparently) sacred to Mars but also somehow connected to Minerva; it was also apparently a ‘school holiday’, so no doubt we’ll soon be reading about how the Romans invented Spring Break
  • 43 B.C. — Birth of Ovid (by one reckoning)
  • 268 A.D. — assassination of Gallienus

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem xv kalendas apriles

ante diem xv kalendas apriles

  • Festival of Mars (Day 19)
  • Quinquatrus (Day 1) — a festival celebrating Minerva’s birthday (maybe)
  • rites in honour of Minerva (obviously connected to the above)
  • 11 B.C.E. — Herod dedicates his renovated Temple in Jerusalem
  • 303 A.D. — Martyrdom of Pancharius of Nicomedia
  • 363 A.D. — fire destroys the Temple of Apollo on the Palatine

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem xvi kalendas apriles

ante diem xvi kalendas apriles

  • Festival of Mars continues (day 17)
  • Liberalia — a festival of general merriment and wine drinking in honour of Liber Pater (another name for Bacchus)
  • Agonalia — the rex sacrificulus would offer a ram to various deities
  • 45 B.C. — Julius Caesar defeats Pompey’s sons and Labienus at Munda
  • 136 A.D. — the future emperor Marcus Aurelius dons the toga virilis
  • 180 A.D. — death of Marcus Aurelius at Bononia
  • 461 A.D. — death of Saint Patrick (traditional)

This Day in Ancient History: nonae martiae

nonae martiae

This Day in Ancient History: pridie nonas martias

pridie nonas martias

  • Festival of Mars (day 6)
  • 12 B.C. — Augustus becomes pontifex maximus
  • ca. 251 A.D. — martyrdom of Conon in Pamphylia

… and ten years ago at rogueclassicism, we were reading of possible sequels to the Passion and something called the Cleisthenes Project (a quick glance at google now suggests several projects of that moniker)

This Day in Ancient History:

ante diem xvi kalendas februarias

  • Ludi Palatini (day 1)
  • 86 B.C. — death of Marius (or possibly on the 13th)
  • 38 B.C. — Octavian marries Livia
  • 6 B.C. — dedication of the ara Numinis Augusti in Rome
  • 42 A.D. — consecration of Livia as divine

Ten years ago at rogueclassicism, it was a rather quiet day, with an item on the current Lord Elgin and some excitement over a Pepsi commercial with a Classical bent. Since it wasn’t available on that particular day, you can reminisce here:

This Day in Ancient History:

ante diem xviii kalendas februarias

  • carmentalia (day 2) — an annual festival in honour of the nymph Carmenta (a divinity associated with prophecy and childbirth; also the mother of Evander) celebrated primarily by women on the 11th and 15th of January
  • 69 A.D. — murder of Galba and his adopted son Piso; dies imperii of Otho

ten years ago at rogueclassicism, there wasn’t much going on, but we were getting our first mentions of Vin Diesel’s Hannibal movie, which has yet to come to fruition (although we can mention Halle Berry’s miniseries on same which is coming up, on which amicus noster and Bread and Circuses blogger Adrian Murdoch served in an historical advisor’s capacity)

This Day in Ancient History: idus januariae

idus januariae

  • 86 B.C. — death of Marius
  • 27 B.C. — Octavian “restores the republic” and receives the corona civica
  • ca. 101 A.D. — birth of L. Aelius Caesar, future adoptive heir (never realized) of the emperor Hadrian
  • 235 A.D. — martyrdom (?) of Andrew, bishop of Trier

… and ten years ago at rogueclassicism, inter alia, we were reading about the find of a pile of Roman building materials in the Villa dei Quintili …

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem iv nonas januarias

ante diem iv nonas januarias

  • 43 B.C. — Octavian is granted propraetorian imperium and admitted to the senate
  • 17 A.D. — death of Publius Ovidius Naso … a.k.a. Ovid
  • 18 A.D. — death of Titus Livius … a.k.a. Livy
  • 69 A.D. — dies imperii of Vitellius
  • 1866 — birth of Gilbert Murray

Ten years ago at rogueclassicism was a particularly busy day, what with folks diving into the Tiber, tourist companies trying to cash in on Cambyses Lost Army, evidence of brain surgery from Chios, et alia …

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem vi kalendas decembres

ante diem vi kalendas decembres

… and ten years ago at rogueclassicism it seems to have been a busy day … highlights include a Roman cavalry mask which was going to auction and a description of some strange documentary about Jason and the Argonauts …

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem vii kalendas decembres

ante diem vii kalendas decembres

  • 2348 B.C. — the Great Flood begins (according to someone’s reckoning!)
  • 250 A.D. — martyrdom of Mercurius
  • 251 A.D. — martyrdom of Moses of Rome

… and ten years ago at rogueclassicism, inter alia, we were looking at an interesting votive relief that was coming to auction at the time; we were also pondering the fate of some mosaics found during parking lot construction in Trastevere