This Day in Ancient History: ante diem ix kalendas Augustas

 ante diem ix kalendas Augustas

  • ludi Victoriae Caesaris (day 5)
  •  64 A.D. — the Great Fire of Rome continues (day 7)
  •  69 A.D. — sacking of the Second Temple in Jerusalem (?)
  •  133 A.D. — the last holdout of the Bar Kochba Revolt — Betar – fell to the Romans (?)
  •  1895 — Birth of Robert Graves (author of I, Claudius, among others)
  •  1978 — death of Dame Kathleen Kenyon (excavatrix of Jericho)

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem x kalendas Augustas

 ante diem x kalendas Augustas

  • Neptunalia — an obscure festival (obscure in the sense that we really don’t know what went on) in honour of Neptune
  • ludi Victoriae Caesaris (day 4)
  • 64 A.D. — the Great Fire of Rome (day 6)
  • 79 A.D. — martyrdom of Apollinaris
  • 303 A.D. — martyrdom of Phocas the Gardener

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem xii kalendas sextilias

ante diem xii kalendas sextilias

  • Lucaria (day 2) — second day of a festival held in a grove somewhere between the Via Salaria and the Tiber (few details are known about this one)
  • ludi Victoriae Caesaris (day 2)– games vowed in conjunction with a temple to Venus Genetrix by Julius Caesar at Pharsalus
  • 64 A.D. — the Great Fire of Rome (day 4)
  • 2nd century A.D. — martyrdom of Praxides
  • 204 A.D. — martyrdom of Zoticus
  • 273 A.D. — martyrdom of Julia  and Justus of Troyes

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem xv kalendas sextilias

ante diem xv kalendas sextilias

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem iv idus maias

Remains of Forum of Augustus with the Temple o...

Remains of Forum of Augustus with the Temple of Mars Ultor. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

ante diem iv idus maias

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem xi kalendas maias

ante diem xi kalendas maias

  • Parilia (a.k.a. Palilia) — originally a festival in honour of Pales (who protected shepherds and their flock), it eventually evolved — in the city of Rome, at least — into a ‘birthday of Rome’ celebration
  • 753 B.C. — traditional date for the foundation of Rome
  • 43 B.C. — pro-Caesarian forces “under” Octavian defeat the forces of Marcus Antonius at Mutina
  • 47 A.D. — Claudius celebrates the ludi Saeculares (?)
  • 148 A.D. — Antoninus Pius celebrates the 900th anniversary of Rome
  • 248 A.D. — Philip Arabus celebrates the 1000th anniversary of Rome

This Day in Ancient History: pridie nonas apriles

pridie nonas apriles

  • ludi Megalesia (day 1 … associated with the next item, obviously)
  • 204 B.C. — the image and cult of the Mater Magna (a.k.a. Cybele) is brought to Rome during the conflict with Hannibal on the advice of the Sybilline books
  • 37 A.D. — the ashes of Tiberius are placed in the Mausoleum of Augustus
  • 186 (or 188) A.D. — birth of the future emperor Septimius Bassianus (later known as M. Aurelius Antoninus Caesar; better known as Caracalla)

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem v kalendas apriles

ante diem v kalendas apriles
  • 37 A.D. — arrival of Gaius (Caligula) in Rome
  • 193 A.D. — murder of the emperor Pertinax; recognition of Didius Julianus as Augustus
  • 364 A.D. — elevation of Valens to the rank of Augustus

… in the early Church, this was one of the days claimed as the day of Jesus’ birth

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem vi kalendas apriles

ante diem vi kalendas apriles
538 B.C. — Accession of Cyrus the Great to the Persian throne (according to one reckoning)*
196 B.C.– Ptolemy V Epiphanes becomes pharaoh of Egypt (accordingto one reckoning)*

47 B.C. — Gaius Julius Caesar is victorious in Alexandria

47 B.C. — Ptolemy XIII drowns while trying to cross the Nile (related to the foregoing event?)

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem xii kalendas apriles

ante diem xii kalendas apriles
  • Festival of Mars continues (day 21)
  • Quinquatrus continues (day 3) — originally a one-day festival with rites in honour of Minerva, by Ovid’s day it had been increased to five days, with the last four involving gladiatorial bouts
  • 1766 — death of Richard Dawes (Classical scholar)

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem xiii kalendas apriles

ante diem xiii kalendas apriles

  • Festival of Mars (day 20)
  • Quinquatrus (day 2) — second day of a five-day festival (although the name originally came from the fact that it came five days after the Ides, apparently) sacred to Mars but also somehow connected to Minerva; it was also apparently a ‘school holiday’, so no doubt we’ll soon be reading about how the Romans invented Spring Break
  • 43 B.C. — Birth of Ovid (by one reckoning)
  • 268 A.D. — assassination of Gallienus

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem xv kalendas apriles

ante diem xv kalendas apriles

  • Festival of Mars (Day 19)
  • Quinquatrus (Day 1) — a festival celebrating Minerva’s birthday (maybe)
  • rites in honour of Minerva (obviously connected to the above)
  • 11 B.C.E. — Herod dedicates his renovated Temple in Jerusalem
  • 303 A.D. — Martyrdom of Pancharius of Nicomedia
  • 363 A.D. — fire destroys the Temple of Apollo on the Palatine

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem xvi kalendas apriles

ante diem xvi kalendas apriles

  • Festival of Mars continues (day 17)
  • Liberalia — a festival of general merriment and wine drinking in honour of Liber Pater (another name for Bacchus)
  • Agonalia — the rex sacrificulus would offer a ram to various deities
  • 45 B.C. — Julius Caesar defeats Pompey’s sons and Labienus at Munda
  • 136 A.D. — the future emperor Marcus Aurelius dons the toga virilis
  • 180 A.D. — death of Marcus Aurelius at Bononia
  • 461 A.D. — death of Saint Patrick (traditional)