Temple of Roma at Alabanda

… at least that’s what I think they’re referring to; not sure if there’s an ‘Augustus’ or something in there too because it seems to be earlier than the empire. From Hurriyet:

Excavation works of a 2,200-year-old “Goddess Rome Temple” have started in the Alabanda Ancient City near Turkey’s southwestern province of Aydin.

The ancient city sheds light on the history of the region, Archeology lecturer at the Adnan Menderes University, Dr. Suat Ateslier, told Anadolu Agency. Ateslier emphasized that Roman historian Titus Livius Patavinus (Livy) mentioned the Alabanda and temples in ancient articles and added that by following their works in that way, they finally identified the location of the temple.

Built for strengthen relations with Ancient Rome.

Ateslier drew attention to the greatness of the Goddess Rome Temple as it was bigger and much more magnificent than the previously unearthed Apollo and Zeus temples in Alabanda.

“As the Goddess Rome Temple is bigger than the mother goddesses’ temples, we have to think about receiving the political and military support of Ancient Rome. Alabanda had an intense war period during the second century BC with Rhodes and asked support from the Ancient Rome.

Poking around Perseus, we get the Livy story (43.6) in the context of the Third Macedonian War:

There was a gathering of numerous deputations from Greece and Asia in Rome. [2] The Athenians were the first to obtain an audience. They explained that they had sent to the consul and the praetor what ships and soldiers they had. [3] They had, however, made no use of them, but demanded 100,000 modii of corn. Though the soil which they tilled was unproductive and even the cultivators themselves had to be fed on corn from abroad, they had nevertheless made up the amount that they should not fail in their duty, and they were prepared to supply other things which might be required. [4] The people of Miletus mentioned that they had not furnished anything, but expressed their readiness to carry out any orders the senate might wish to give with regard to the war. [5] The people of Alabanda stated that they had built a temple to “The City of Rome” and had instituted annual Games in honour of that deity. [6] They had also brought a golden crown weighing fifty pounds to be placed in the Capitol as an offering to Jupiter Optimus Maximus, and 300 cavalry shields which they would hand over to whomsoever the senate might name. [7] They requested to be allowed to place the gift in the Capitol and to offer sacrifices. [8]

Back in January, excavators found a possible head of Artemis (Artemis (maybe) from Alabanda) …

Artemis (maybe) from Alabanda

From Hurriyet:

English: Aydın location Çine. Türkçe: Aydın Çi...

English: Aydın location Çine. Türkçe: Aydın Çine ilçesinin konumu. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

A marble sculpture head of Artemis from the fourth century BC has been uncovered in the ancient city of Alabanda as the archeological excavations there come to a close. In some of the excavations made at the site, the doors of the ancient city were uncovered, the head of the excavation team, Aydın Adnan Menderes University Archeology department academic Suat Ateşlier said. The walls from the Byzantine era were also found, he added.

These walls and the road were uncovered near the Temple of Apollo, said Ateşlier. “We have also found a very valuable sculpture head in the same area. The quality of the sculpture is very good, and it is in very good condition. This is a goddess sculpture.” He added that experts believed it was of the goddess Artemis, the sister of Apollo.

Ateşlier said they had started in July and this season many newly excavated artifacts has been uncovered at the site. The team closed the excavations on Dec. 20.

This year also geophysical analysis was done in the area and another goddess’ temple was found, added Ateşlier.

The location of the temple was determined, and next year the excavations will be done in that area, he said.

The site is located in Çine, in the Aegean province of Aydın.

The original article has a nice photo of the head in situ … I suspect the identification is made based on the apparent fillet in the hair (which rules out Aphrodite, perhaps); not sure if I detect an earring there or not which might suggest this is an empress of some sort. Even if there is no earring, compare the hairstyle, e.g., to this image of Sabina  (Hadrian’s wife)… Alabanda, by the way, was the ancient Antiochia of the Chrysaorians