Temple to Jupiter Stator (and Maybe Caesar’s House too?!) Found

School is just starting so here’s the quickie, unchecked/unresearched version (you always have to double check with Carandini, I think) … from the Gazzetta del Sud:

The temple built by Romulus to celebrate the hand of Jupiter giving Roman troops their unstoppable force has been found at the foot of the Palatine Hill, Italian archaeologists say. The ruins of the shrine to Jupiter Stator Jupiter the Stayer, believed to date to 750 BC, were found by a Rome University team led by Andrea Carandini. “We believe this is the temple that legend says Romulus erected to the king of the gods after the Romans held their ground against the furious Sabines fighting to get their women back after the famous Rape abduction,” Carandini said in the Archeologia Viva Living Archaeology journal. According to myth, Romulus founded Rome in 753 BC and the wifeless first generation of Roman men raided nearby Sabine tribes for their womenfolk, an event that has been illustrated in art down the centuries. Carandini added: “It is also noteworthy that the temple appears to be shoring up the Palatine, as if in defence”. Rome’s great and good including imperial families lived on the Palatine, overlooking the Forum. Long after its legendary institution by Romulus, the cult of Jupiter the Stayer fuelled Roman troops in battle, forging the irresistible military might that conquered most of the ancient known world. In the article in Archeologia Viva, Carandini’s team said they might also have discovered the ruins of the last Palatine house Julius Caesar lived in – the one he left on the Ides of March, 44BC, on his way to death in the Senate.

4 thoughts on “Temple to Jupiter Stator (and Maybe Caesar’s House too?!) Found

  1. Hmmm… not sure about the info on Julius Caesar. Afaik Caesar grew up in a house near the junction of Argiletum and Via Tiburtina (Subura) at the foot of Cispius Mons. As pontifex maximus, i.e. also at the time of his death, he lived in the Domus publica between the Vestal atrium and the Via Sacra, near the Regia. The Domus publica is the house that he left on the morning of the Ides. But that’s not on the Palatine, but near its foot, quite close to the Forum. Maybe they mean Caesar Augustus… he had a house on the Palatine. But hey, Caesar and the Ides of March still seem to sell. 🙂

  2. Excavations Photographs and other Historical Related Resources, for:

    ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA: – IUPPITER STATOR IN PALATINO RITROVATO (1988-2013)? in: LA REPUBBLICA (28/02/2013); (11/06/1988), p.21 & IL MESSAGGERO (28/10/2012); (05/06/2000), p. 20.

    Un ringraziamento speciale a Gianni De Dominicis, Roma (28 Febbraio 2013): “Ciao Martin, ecco l’articolo de “Il Messaggero” del 28 ottobre sul ritrovamento del tempio di giove statore. Saluti, Gianni,” Roma (28/02/2013).


  3. Two contrary Andrea Carandini
    statements on his “Wall of Romulus” discovery.

    “Andrea Carandini, a University of Pisa professor who is leading the dig, said archaeologists in May uncovered a stone wall on a slope of the hill just at the spot described by the ancient Roman historian Tacitus as the site of the wall that first defined and protected Rome.

    ***Experts have dated the find to the seventh century B.C., but Carandini said in an interview he *suspects* underneath it is an earlier version of a defensive wall that could have been built a century earlier.”


    “We will never discover the wall of Romulus because Romulus is a legend, of course,” he said.
    “But I think the nucleus of the legend is right, and in a way, we already proved this because nobody believed that there really was a fortification of the Palatine Hill.”


    NYT via Rogueclassicism

    “The new discoveries, he says, also add weight to one he made in the late 1980’s – still contentious in the sharp-elbowed world of ancient history – of what he says was a fortifying wall on the Palatine built by the founders of Rome, ***dated, he says, to about 750 B.C., the same time as Romulus.”


    Julius Caesar had a house on the Palatine Hill?

    Besides Julius Caesar’s Subura family home and the his residence at the Domus Publica I believe he had 2 villas in Rome.

    One on the otherside of the Tiber in today’s Trastevere and the other at least 1mi north of the Palatine Hill.

    DIVVSIVLIVS They have found ~2006 Augustus’ birth home where they always knew the general location, on the lower slope of the Palatine facing the Colosseum.

    And his house on the Palatine where he spent most his adult life with Livia.

    The only house they haven’t found is where he lived with his step-father and family.

    It was near the later ‘Arch of Titus’ side of the Palatine.

    But it does sound like a ‘Let’s spice-up this “temple” find with real crowd pleaser JC and the Ides’ :-).
    Regards, Walter

  4. Updated information as of 01 March 2013 =

    ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA. Palatino, pendici settentrionali, Paolo Carafa, Andrea Carandini e Nikolaos Arvanitis, LA SAPIENZA – Università di Roma (2010-13): “Ritrovamento del Tempio di Giove Statore”, & “Santuario di Vesta, un dolio | Tombe infantili.” in: Il Messaggero, La Repubblica, IL Tempo (28/02/2013), ARCHEOLOGIA VIVA (Marzo | Aprile (2013), & FASTI-ONLINE (2003-10).


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