Artemis (maybe) from Alabanda

From Hurriyet:

English: Aydın location Çine. Türkçe: Aydın Çi...
English: Aydın location Çine. Türkçe: Aydın Çine ilçesinin konumu. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

A marble sculpture head of Artemis from the fourth century BC has been uncovered in the ancient city of Alabanda as the archeological excavations there come to a close. In some of the excavations made at the site, the doors of the ancient city were uncovered, the head of the excavation team, Aydın Adnan Menderes University Archeology department academic Suat Ateşlier said. The walls from the Byzantine era were also found, he added.

These walls and the road were uncovered near the Temple of Apollo, said Ateşlier. “We have also found a very valuable sculpture head in the same area. The quality of the sculpture is very good, and it is in very good condition. This is a goddess sculpture.” He added that experts believed it was of the goddess Artemis, the sister of Apollo.

Ateşlier said they had started in July and this season many newly excavated artifacts has been uncovered at the site. The team closed the excavations on Dec. 20.

This year also geophysical analysis was done in the area and another goddess’ temple was found, added Ateşlier.

The location of the temple was determined, and next year the excavations will be done in that area, he said.

The site is located in Çine, in the Aegean province of Aydın.

The original article has a nice photo of the head in situ … I suspect the identification is made based on the apparent fillet in the hair (which rules out Aphrodite, perhaps); not sure if I detect an earring there or not which might suggest this is an empress of some sort. Even if there is no earring, compare the hairstyle, e.g., to this image of Sabina  (Hadrian’s wife)… Alabanda, by the way, was the ancient Antiochia of the Chrysaorians

Sports Complex at Aydin/Magnesia

This seems to be a long-running dig which we’ve never mentioned before … from Hurriyet:

During excavation in the ancient city of Magnesia, located in the Ortaklar district of Germencik in the Aegean province of Aydın, the best preserved stadium in Anatolia has been unearthed. Excavations and restoration works have continued for 28 years under the leadership of the head of the Ankara University Archaeology Department Professor Orhan Bingöl.
“It took 35 days to clean the semicircular ‘Sphendona’ part [of the stadium], which was 70-meters underground the stadium,” Bingöl said.

He said that the ancient city of Magnesia, which lies within the borders of the village Tekinköy continued for an additional three months this season thanks to the increase in financial support provided by the Culture and Tourism Ministry.

“During the excavation and restoration works, the best preserved stadium of Anatolia has been unearthed. It is completely made of marble and the capacity of the stadium is 40,000 people. The works have been carried out with a 20-person scientific team from Turkish universities as well as a seven-person team from Germany’s Nurnberg-Erlangen University,” Bingöl said.

Bingöl said the find showed that sports had been given importance throughout history. “We have so far focused on five important structural complexes. These structures have been cleared and made visible. Two of them are gymnasiums, where physical activities along with cultural educations like philosophy and literature were given. These places are equal to today’s physical education schools. The other is the sacred space of Artemis, which includes the fourth biggest temple of Anatolia.

Excavations still continue in this area. Another structure is the Theatron. It was planned as a theater but its construction was left half finished maybe because of bad natural conditions or the earth sliding. Excavations in this area have been finished. And the last structure [unearthed] is the city’s stadium,” Bingöl said.

He said that this season’s works had been finished in Magnesia’s stadium, which was completely underground and some part of which was unearthed during excavations between 2008 and 2011.

“Diggings will continue in this structure in the next years if we can find allocation. When all these works are done, the whole stadium will be unearthed after nearly 700 years. It will return to its magnificent days during which Olympics-like plays were organized and 40,000 people attended as viewers,” Bingöl said.

The assistant head of the excavations, Dr. Görkem Kökdemir said that they had also unearthed a toilet, which served 32 people at the same time in the Magnesia. “It used to work with a similar system like today’s toilets. We have found out that people living here were very civilized when seeing the motifs on the wall and the developed system.”

… the original article includes an aerial photo of the incomplete theatre. I’m somewhat confused on the names given here … I’m assuming this is the ancient Magnesia on the Meander