4th/3rd Century Hoard from Near Apollonia

… and fittingly, the coins depict Apollo. From Novinite:

Bulgarian archaeologists have discovered 30 bronze coins with images of Ancient Greek god Apollo dating back to the 4th-3rd century BC.

The discovery was made during excavations on the St. Marina hill near the Black Sea town of Sozopol, Burgas24 reported.

The bronze coins feature Apollo’s head on one side, and on the other – Apollo sitting on an omphalos – an ancient religious stone artifact considered the center of the universe.

The coins, which are typical of the Hellenic Age, have been found in the remains of a villa from the 4th-3rd century BC outside of the Greek polis of Apollonia, today’s Sozopol. The villa is the first such archaeological structure outside the polis.

The excavations at the St. Marina hill first started back in 2010 within a Bulgarian-French project called Apollonia-Pont-Euxin, French for the Ancient Greek name of the Black Sea, Euxeinos Pontos.

The aim of the project is to create a map of archaeological sites from the Ropotamo River in the south to Cape Atiya in the Sozopol municipality.

The excavations near Sozopol are headed by French archaeologist Alexander Bearlice from the Aix-Marseilles Univerisity, Kristina Panayotova from the Bulgarian National Archaeology Institute, Martin Gyuzelev, and Dimitar Nedev from the Archaeology Museum in Sozopol.


I suspect the ‘Apollo head’ on the obverse is more likely some post-Alexander monarch wearing a diadem vel simm. … the Apollo-on-omphalos is a fairly common reverse in  Hellenistic times …

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem iii idus quintilias

ante diem iii idus quintilias

  • ludi Apollinares (day 8)– games instituted in 212 B.C. after consulting the Sybilline books during a particularly bad stretch in the Punic Wars; four years later they became an annual festival in honour of Apollo
  • 431 B.C. (?) — dedication of the Temple of Apollo outside the pomoerium (and associated rites thereafter)
  • 100 B.C. (?) — birth of G. Julius Caesar (another possible day)
  • ca. 251 A.D. — martyrdom of Myrope