#Thelxinoe ~ Classics News for August 25, 2021

Hodie est a.d. VIII Kal. Sept. 2774 AUC ~ 17 Metageitnion in the first year of the 700th Olympiad

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You might call ceramics the “plastics” of the ancient world…ubiquitous, indestructible, and incredibly useful! But how do we identify the spaces where ancient potters once made these everyday objects? Dr. Elizabeth Murphy joins the podcast to tell us all about the discovery and excavation of ancient tableware workshops at the site of Sagalassos in modern Turkey. Listen in as artisanal techniques are brought to life and the everyday lives of ancient potters are revealed through archaeological exploration.

Odysseys finally landed on Ithaca, but, with 120 angry, armed men in his house who want his wife and life, can he survive his homecoming?

In the 14th century BCE, the Mycenaeans gained dominion of at least Knossos on Crete, and possibly, the entire island. Professor Louise Hitchcock, The University of Melbourne, makes a fifth appearance on the show to explore the topic.

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‘Sorting’ Out Your Day:

Today on the Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar:

If it thunders today, it portends a shortage of tree fruits and stormy weather.

… adapted from the text and translation of:

Jean MacIntosh Turfa, The Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar, in Nancy Thomson de Grummond and Erika Simon (eds.), The Religion of the Etruscans. University of Texas Press, 2006. (Kindle edition)

#Thelxinoe ~ Classics News for August 24, 2021

Hodie est a.d. IX Kal. Sept. 2774 AUC ~ 16 Metageitnion in the first year of the 700th Olympiad

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In a seemingly abandoned desert spot, near a small and insignificant Egyptian village, for a period of one thousand years, a city flourished; an important Hellenistic-Egyptian city, perhaps the 3rd largest in Egypt at the turn of the world from the Greek to Roman influence. This city, was called Oxyrhynchus: which translates as the city of the sharp-nosed fish . This, is where our adventure today begins! Two thousand years ago Oxyrhynchus, was on canals leading directly to the river Nile, which as today, it was the lifeline of all of Egypt’s inhabitants. On January 11, 1897, a low mound was being dug, when a piece of papyrus with unknown Logia, or ‘Sayings of Jesus’ was brought to the surface (it would later be determined that this was the apocryphal Gospel of Thomas ). Next was a leaf from the Gospel of Matthew , and then even more pieces of papyri. In three months, the men found enough papyri to fill 280 boxes. These papyri, tell us the story of the inhabitants, open a window to the everyday past, and to the private lives of the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine citizens of Egypt!

Today it is the second largest city in France. But Marseilles is also the country’s oldest city. Founded at the turn of the 7th century BC by Greek settlers, the ancient history of Marseilles (known to the Greeks as Massalia and the Romans as Massilia) is rich. Strategically positioned close to the River Rhone it soon became a wealthy trading metropolis. Notable names are plenty. Artemis is closely linked with the city’s foundations; the explorer Pytheas hailed from Massalia. And who can forget the great Carthaginian general Hannibal Barca, who passed close by Massalia with his army enroute to Italy in 218 BC. To talk through the early ancient history of Marseilles, from its mythical Greek Mama Mia foundation story to the Battle of Alalia, Dr Joshua Hall returned to the podcast.

Stretched along the north of the Hindu Kush mountain range and the south of the Oxus river, the history of the ancient region of Bactria envelops some of the most intriguing periods of the ancient world. The land, which now straddles parts of Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, can be tracked through the Bronze Ages, the Persian Empire and the rule of Alexander the Great, Greco-Bactrian rule and the rule of the Kushites. To guide us through this history, Tristan from our sibling podcast The Ancients spoke to David Adams, the Australian photojournalist and documentary filmmaker. David has personally explored many of the archaeological sites of Bactria, he shares his experiences and explains how the evidence shows the impact of climate change on the societies who lived there.

Three major wars, substantial territorial annexation, and a new form for Consuls to be elected, all occurred between 349 to 300 BCE (late 4th Century BCE). Dr. Gary Forsythe, Associate Professor, Texas Tech University, makes a fifth appearance on the show to explain the events.

You might call ceramics the “plastics” of the ancient world…ubiquitous, indestructible, and incredibly useful! But how do we identify the spaces where ancient potters once made these everyday objects? Dr. Elizabeth Murphy joins the podcast to tell us all about the discovery and excavation of ancient tableware workshops at the site of Sagalassos in modern Turkey. Listen in as artisanal techniques are brought to life and the everyday lives of ancient potters are revealed through archaeological exploration.

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Alia

‘Sorting’ Out Your Day:

Today on the Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar:

If it thunders today, it portends the death of high born youths.

… adapted from the text and translation of:

Jean MacIntosh Turfa, The Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar, in Nancy Thomson de Grummond and Erika Simon (eds.), The Religion of the Etruscans. University of Texas Press, 2006. (Kindle edition)

#Thelxinoe ~ Classics News for August 23, 2021

Hodie est a.d. X Kal. Sept. 2774 AUC ~ 15 Metageitnion in the first year of the 700th Olympiad

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Caesar is proclaimed dictator by the senate and rewarded with a triumph for his successful conquest of Gaul. Brutus receives an insult from Caesar that drives him to side with Cassius. Pullo decides to retire to the countryside, Vorenus prepares for his new position in politics, and Servilia plots her revenge There is also a special interview with episode writer Adrian Hodges.

He was one of the greatest enemies the Romans ever faced. An excellent general and a larger-than-life figure, he led an army across the alps and dealt a series of crushing defeats upon the Romans on Italian soil. His achievements have become a thing of legend and his name has become immortalised. He was Hannibal Barca. Hannibal rests amongst antiquity’s greatest generals, but how did he rise to become such a stellar commander, leading his men to incredible victories against the then dominant powerhouse in the Mediterranean? In this episode, Dr Louis Rawlings, Dr Adrian Goldsworthy and Dr Eve MacDonald explore the impressive ascent of the Carthaginian general to the status of one of the most famous military leaders in antiquity.

Sulpicius Severus’ (c. 363-425) life of St. Martin is one of the great hagiographies – a portrait of a timeless saint, but also of a human being and working bishop.

Ancient Ostia was a major port city of Rome, and at one point, bustling and diverse. Retired associate professor at the University of Oxford, Dr Janet DeLaine, joins the show to discuss what scholars know about the apartment buildings that existed in Roman Ostia.

This week, Anna and Amber take a tour of some of the libraries of the ancient world. We visit Mesopotamia for the origins of writing and the heartland of administrative paperwork, hit up Africa for the oral traditions of the Griots, browse the stacks of oracle bones in China, and…yes, talk about the Library of Alexandria.

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Alia

‘Sorting’ Out Your Day:

Today on the Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar:

If it thunders today, it portends lightning striking the earth and further portends slaughter.

… adapted from the text and translation of:

Jean MacIntosh Turfa, The Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar, in Nancy Thomson de Grummond and Erika Simon (eds.), The Religion of the Etruscans. University of Texas Press, 2006. (Kindle edition)

#Thelxinoe ~ Classics News for August 21, 2021

Hodie est a.d. XII Kal. Sept. 2774 AUC ~ 13 Metageitnion in the first year of the 700th Olympiad

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The Etruscans were a group of highly developed communities, connected through language and culture, that flourished on the Italian peninsula before the Romans. Professor Alexandra Carpino, Northern Arizona University, returns to the show to discuss what scholars know about the Etruscans in the sixth century BCE.

Who doesn’t love tattoo history! Especially when those tattoos are found on 2,500-year-old Amazon warrior women!! Find out about these mythical ancient tattoos and badass warriors in this week’s episode!

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Alia

‘Sorting’ Out Your Day:

Today on the Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar:

[Saturday]  If it thunders today, it portends both prosperity and discord for the common folk.

[Sunday] If it thunders today, it portends moderately good business for an entire year.

… adapted from the text and translation of:

Jean MacIntosh Turfa, The Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar, in Nancy Thomson de Grummond and Erika Simon (eds.), The Religion of the Etruscans. University of Texas Press, 2006. (Kindle edition)

#Thelxinoe ~ Classics News for August 20, 2021

Hodie est a.d. XIII Kal. Sept. 2774 AUC ~ 12 Metageitnion in the first year of the 700th Olympiad

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András discusses the medical conditions that showed themselves through heat of some kind. ‘Heat’ could affect many different body parts, for various reasons. Which medicinal ingredients were used to cure ‘heat’ and why? András also gives an introduction to his latest work on ‘glosses’ in medical texts, and what the broader significance of the different types is.

This episode is about Anaxagoras of Clazomenae, the final Presocratic I’m planning on covering! He thought there was a little bit of everything in everything and that mind set the universe in motion. He also did some observational science and is credited as the first to correctly explain the cause of eclipses.

With the summer holiday season in full swing for all the team (except Murray in Australia), we thought we’d discuss everyone’s favourite fiction books, which feature ancient warfare.

Professor & Graduate Chair, Kelly Olson, Western University, joins the show to discuss what ancient Romans wore. Topics discussed include: the attire, fabrics used, what colour was meant to communicate about the bearer, if undergarments were exercised, how Romans cleansed themselves, and more.

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‘Sorting’ Out Your Day:

Today on the Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar:

If it thunders today, it portends a plague upon the cattle and confusion for the state.

… adapted from the text and translation of:

Jean MacIntosh Turfa, The Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar, in Nancy Thomson de Grummond and Erika Simon (eds.), The Religion of the Etruscans. University of Texas Press, 2006. (Kindle edition)#Thelxinoe ~ Classics News for August 19, 2021